Bill Richmond

Bill Richmond


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Jorjiyadan sobiq qullarning o'g'li Bill Richmond 1763 yilda Nyu -Yorkda tug'ilgan. U bo'lajak Nortumberlend gersogi xizmatiga kirgan va 14 yoshida Angliyaga olib kelingan.

Maktabda o'qib bo'lgach, u Yorkdagi kabinet ishlab chiqaruvchiga shogirdlik qildi. Og'irligi 11 toshdan kam bo'lsa -da, Richmond boks bilan shug'ullangan va ancha katta erkaklarni mag'lub etish bilan mashhur bo'lgan.

Richmond sovrinli jangchiga aylandi va u Kekbernda 26 raund davomida Jek Xolmsni mag'lubiyatga uchratib, muhim g'alabaga erishdi. Biroq, u Sasseksdagi Xailshamda uzoq davom etgan jangdan so'ng buyuk Tom Kribbga yutqazdi.

Keyingi tanlovida u Epsom Downsda Jek Karterni mag'lub etdi. 1809 yilda u 52 raund qattiq jangdan so'ng Jorj Maddoksni mag'lubiyatga uchratib, 100 ta gvineyani yutdi.

Richmond, Lester maydoni yaqinidagi zamonaviy "Ot va delfin" jamoat uyini sotib olishga yordam bergan boy ayolga uylanganidan keyin ringdan nafaqaga chiqdi. Shuningdek, u boks akademiyasini boshqargan, u erda yigitlarga jang qilishni o'rgatgan. Uning shogirdlaridan biri yozuvchi Uilyam Xazlitt edi.

Bill Richmond 1829 yil 28 -dekabrda Londonda vafot etdi.

Bill Richmondning pugilistik san'atdagi birinchi namoyishi, unga e'tibor qaratgan, 19 -polkning kapitani Konnor boshchiligida, Dokki Mur nomi bilan tanilgan, Nyu -Yorkdagi kursda Richmondni haqorat qilgan Jorj Mur bilan bo'lgan. poygalar paytida. Bu Dokki Sheffildning dahshati edi va bir muncha vaqt mamlakatni shu hududida hukmronlik qilgan; Aslida, u juda zo'r kuchga va frezalash uchun zarur bo'lgan barcha narsalarga ega edi. balandligi taxminan besh fut to'qqiz dyuym yarim va og'irligi o'n to'rtta tosh.

Bill Richmondning do'stlari uni og'irligi o'n toshdan o'n ikki funtgacha bo'lgan odam bilan jang qilishga urinishga ko'ndirishdi; imkoniyat unga qarshi ijobiy bo'lishi mumkin edi, lekin uni to'xtatmaslik kerak edi; va voqea uning hukmining to'g'riligini isbotladi, chunki yigirma besh daqiqa ichida bizning qahramonimiz Dokini shu qadar jazoladiki, u taslim bo'ldi va ringdan butunlay ko'r bo'lib chiqdi.

Xuddi shu yo'nalishda, ko'p o'tmay, Richmond Inniskillin Dragonlariga tegishli bo'lgan ikkita askarni birin-ketin kaltakladi.

Richmondning frezeleme fazilatlari chet elda bo'lishni afzal ko'rdi, o'z kompozitsiyalarida biroz janjallashgan yigitlar uning muvaffaqiyatiga havas qilishdi; va biri, xususan, og'irligi o'n uch tosh, balandligi besh futdan o'n dyuymgacha bo'lgan temirchi Richmondni cho'tkaga undashning quyidagi usulini oldi. Richmond Yorkda ishini tugatgandan so'ng aqlli va pok ko'rinishga ega bo'lganini payqadi, u bir kuni kechqurun u bolg'achi bilan uchrashganida, uni nafaqat epret epizodlari bilan haqorat qilgan, balki tepgan. son. Bill u bilan xatti -harakatlarining noo'rinligi to'g'risida gapirib, temirchiga aytdi, agar u bilan jang qilmoqchi bo'lsang, uni Vulkanning o'g'li bo'lganida, ular ertalab uchrashishga rozi bo'lgan Grovesga joylashtirishlari kerak. to'liq qoniqdi va Richmondni eng yaxshi odam deb tan oldi.


Vintage Richmond

Bill Barbekyu birinchi joyini 1931 yilda ochgan. Kecha oxirgi 3 ta restoranini yopgan. Bu erda Billning 1970 yilgi menyusi.

Yuqori aniqlikdagi rasm uchun quyidagi rasmni bosing.

2 ta sharh:

Bola, bu ba'zi xotiralarni qaytaradi! Ota -onam va men tez -tez Bills Barbekyuda tushlik qilardik - 70 -yillarda! :) Men bu menyuda ko'rmaydigan bitta narsa-bu ularning qo'lda yasalgan mashhur va mazali ohaklari !! ULAR bu dunyodan chiqib ketishdi! Baribir - hisob -kitoblar yo'qligini eshitganimdan afsusdaman - kimdir franchayzani qayta tiriltira olarmikan?

Qadimgi va mashhur Richmond oshxonalaridagi eski menyularni o'ylab o'tirganingizda - bu erda, agar siz buni topgan bo'lsangiz, men ham ko'p odamlar xotirasini uyg'otaman - bu eski Angelos Hot Dogs menyusi! Biz Broad shahrining shimolidagi 6-ko'chadagi ko'chaga kirardik (hozirda u erda 600 bino bor)- YILLARDAN chili itlarini olish uchun bordik- VO !! : D Men bolaligimdan o'sha eski joylarni sog'inaman!

Men birinchi marta Richmondga ko'chib kelganimda, Bill -da to'xtadim. Xodimlar qo'pol va ovqat o'rtacha emas edi. Men hech qachon ortga qaytmadim. Richmond institutining ishdan chiqishi juda achinarli, lekin agar bu xizmat va yo'l haqiga xos bo'lgan bo'lsa, unda men buning sababini to'liq tushunaman.


Zanjirsiz Richmond

16-noyabr, chorshanba kuni buyuk bokschi Bill Richmond (1763-1829) BBC2 hujjatli filmining 2-qismida qatnashdi. Qora va ingliz: unutilgan tarix, tarixchi Devid Olusoga tomonidan taqdim etilgan va yozilgan.

Mening Bill Biografiyam, Richmond Unchained, 2015 yilda nashr etilgan, bu sport va ijtimoiy tarixdagi eng muhim shaxs haqida yozilgan yagona to'liq biografiya bo'lib qolmoqda. Katta teleserialda Billning hayotini "tan olinganini" ko'rish men uchun ko'p yillik orzuning amalga oshishidir.

Bu turkumning markazida mamlakatning turli joylarida qora tarixning muhim shaxslarini yod etuvchi plakatlar o'rnatilgan ajoyib loyiha yotadi.

Billning lavhasi (yuqoridagi rasmda) Londondagi Tom Cribb pabida ochildi (u yangi yilda pivo ta'mirdan o'tkazilgach, doimiy o'rnatiladi). Quyida 13 -sentabr, seshanba kuni bo'lib o'tgan blyashka marosimidan rasmlar va ochilish marosimida so'zlagan nutqimning tahrirlangan versiyasi.

Agar Bill Richmond haqida ko'proq bilmoqchi bo'lsangiz, o'qing! Agar siz Bill haqida ko'proq ma'lumotga ega bo'lishga ilhomlansangiz, iltimos, Richmond bilan bog'liq ko'plab materiallarni o'z ichiga olgan ushbu blogni o'rganing yoki mening kitobim nusxasini sotib oling.
Luqo G. Uilyams, 2016 yil 15 -noyabr, chorshanba
Elektron pochta: [email protected]

Aktyor Xyu Kuarshi, Bill Richmondning katta muxlisi, muallif Lyuk G. Uilyams bilan
Xyu Kuarshi Devid Olusoga bilan, qora va ingliz tillarining boshlovchisi va yozuvchisi: unutilgan tarix


Rassom Godfrid Donkor, u Bill Richmond bilan bir qator asarlar yaratgan, Lyuk G. Uilyams bilan

Luqo G. Uilyams boksning kashshof promouteri va menejeri Ambrose Mendi bilan

Bokschilar Richard Riakporhe va Richie Rambo Mansende Pirs Eganning Boxiana -dan Bill Richmond haqidagi ko'chirmani o'qishdi.

Pingilist Bill Richmondning hayoti va karerasi London tarixidagi Tom Cribb pabida BBC tarixi plaketi ochilishi bilan taqdirlandi. Luqo G. Uilyams Richmondning hayotini kontekstga qo'yib, uning karerasining ahamiyatini va blyashka joylashgan joyini tushuntiradi.

Ko'p odamlar Bill Richmond haqida hech qachon eshitmaganlar, lekin Muhammad Alidan oldin, Jessi Ouensdan oldin va Jek Jonsondan oldin, Richmond Afrika merosining birinchi sport yulduzi bo'lgan.

Bill 1763 yilda Amerikaning Staten orolida qul bo'lib tug'ilgan. O'smirlik chog'ida Angliyaga olib kelgan Xyu Persi ismli ingliz askarining aralashuvi tufayli ozodlikka erishgan.

Bir marta Angliyada Persi Richmondning maslahatchisi sifatida ishlagan. U Billning ta'lim olishini va keyin Yorkdagi kabinet ishlab chiqaruvchisiga shogird bo'lishini ta'minladi. Bill mahalliy oq tanli Meri ismli ayolga uylandi, bir nechta farzand ko'rdi va o'qitilgan hunarmand va oila a'zosi sifatida hurmatli hayot kechirdi.

Bu g'arbiy Angliyadagi qora tanli odam uchun g'ayrioddiy, ammo o'ziga xos mavjudlikdan uzoq edi.

Ammo, Richmond 40 yoshga kirganda, nimadir o'zgardi. va hurmatli hayotini davom ettirish o'rniga, professional boks olamiga kirishga qaror qildi.

Endi Bill Richmondning sporti qanday bo'lganini o'ylab, zamonaviy boks haqidagi barcha fikrlarni chiqarib tashlashingiz kerak.

Yangi boshlanuvchilar uchun barcha boks uchrashuvlari yalang'och bo'g'inlar bilan o'tkazildi. Ikkinchidan, qarorlar yoki hakamlar yo'q edi. Janglar jangchilardan biri turolmaguncha yoki davom etolmaguncha davom etdi va ba'zida soatlab davom etdi.

Xulosa qilib aytganda, bareknuckle boks shafqatsiz va murosasiz sport edi.

Nima uchun Bill Richmond singari oila a'zosi jarohat olish yoki hatto o'lim bilan taqdirlanishi mumkin?

Javob, menimcha, Indiana Jons bir paytlar "omad va shon -sharaf" deb atagan.

1800 -yillarning boshlarida boks Angliyadagi eng katta va eng mashhur sport turi edi va xalqning etakchi bokschilari eng sevimli va sevimli o'g'illari edi.

Tom Cribb pabi joylashgan joy, Lester maydonidan bir oz narida, Gruziya Angliyasidagi boks olamining markazi edi. Agar xohlasangiz, 19 -asr boshidagi Las -Vegasning ekvivalenti. Sent-Martin ko'chasida, janubdan bir necha yuz yard narida, beshinchi kort, mamlakatning etakchi boks arenasi bo'lib, u erda jangchilar to'la uylar oldida yugurishdi va savdogarlar janglar uyushtirishdi. Lordlar, zodagonlar, deputatlar, jangchilar va mehnatkashlarning barchasi boksga bo'lgan umumiy sevgisi bilan birlashadilar.

Richmond sovrinli ringga chiqqunga qadar, boshqa hech bir qora bokschi olomon va jamoatchilikning noto'g'ri xurofotini yengib, muvaffaqiyatli sport karerasini yaratishga muvaffaq bo'la olmagan, lekin Richmond teatr tomoshasini yaxshi biladigan va qat'iyatlilikka ega bo'lgan odam edi. ijtimoiy taraqqiyot. Shaxsiyatining kuchi, xarizmasi va jismoniy zo'rligi tufayli u milliy shon -shuhrat va ahamiyatga erishgan birinchi qora tanli sportchi bo'ldi.

Va u hech qachon mashhur stereotiplarga berilmay shunday qildi, qisqasi, u jangchi edi, lekin u bezorichi emas edi, aslida u boksni san'at sifatida ko'rgan va shunday deb e'lon qilgan: o'zi va hujum qilmaslik uchun biz pugilistik san'at deb ataymiz, shuning uchun olijanob mudofaa fani. ”

Keksayganiga qaramay, u 1804 yilda London mukofoti ringida birinchi marta jang qilgan bo'lsa -da, Richmond ajoyib bokschilik karerasini yoqtirgan. Darhaqiqat, u 50-yillarning o'rtalarida hali ham kurash olib borgan va muhim janglarda g'alaba qozongan va jami 17 ta musobaqada g'olib bo'lgan, atigi ikki marta mag'lub bo'lgan.

Faoliyati davomida bu sobiq qora tanli qul Angliyaning eng mashhur yulduzlaridan biriga aylandi, shuningdek, bu mamlakatning eng mahoratli boks murabbiylaridan biri sifatida qaraldi. Lord Bayron va Uilyam Xazlitt singari Richmond va#8217s mashg'ulot xonalarida boks bo'yicha o'qish istaganlar orasida bo'lgan.

Afsuski, Richmond hech qachon boks bo'yicha Angliya chempionatida g'olib bo'lish uchun etarlicha katta yoki yosh bo'lmagan, lekin u 1810 va 1811 yillardagi Angliya chempionati uchun ingliz Tom Cribb va boshqa sobiq qul Tom Molineaux o'rtasidagi ikkita boks uchrashuvida muhim rol o'ynagan.

Bu janglar uchun dahshatli Molineaux Richmond tomonidan tarbiyalangan va tarbiyalangan.
Richmond bir necha yil oldin Cribbga yutqazib qo'ydi va u Molinodan qora tanli, boks bo'yicha Angliya chempionatida g'olib bo'lishga qodir yigitni topdi deb o'yladi. "Oq qora inglizlar ustunligi" ga qarshi "qora tanlov" ning istiqboli Gruziya Angliyasida shov-shuvga sabab bo'ldi va Richmond birgalikda ilgari surgan ikkita Cribb-Molineaux musobaqalari o'z kunlarining eng katta va eng muhim sport tadbirlari bo'ldi. Bir yozuvchi hatto bu janglarning natijasi Angliyaning kelajagi uchun mamlakatda bo'lganidan va Napoleon bilan davom etayotgan urushdan ko'ra muhimroq ekanini aytgan.

Molineaux bilan aloqada bo'lganidan so'ng, Richmond boksning hurmatli oqsoqol davlat arbobi bo'lib qoldi. U 1821 yilda Jorj IV tojiga taklif etuvchi pugilistlar guruhidan bo'lib, boshchilik vazifasini o'tagan - bu koloniyalarda qul sifatida hayot boshlagan odam uchun ajoyib sharaf.

1829 yilda vafotidan bir necha yil oldin, Richmond va uning sobiq raqibi Tom Kribb raqobatini ko'mib, yaxshi do'st bo'lishdi. Ikkala yakshanba har bir kishi, "Cribb" uy egasi bo'lgan Union Arms pabida birga ovqatlanar edilar va 1829 yil 27 dekabrda Richmond o'z hayotining oxirgi oqshomini 69 yoshida vafotidan oldin o'tkazgan.

Richmondning o'limi o'nlab gazetalarda hayratomuz nekrologlar va u haqidagi maqolalarning paydo bo'lishi bilan belgilandi.

U umrining oxirgi kechasini hozirgi Tom Cribb pabida o'tkazganini hisobga olsak, Londonning pugilistik jamoat uyi Richmondning ajoyib hayoti uchun ajoyib yodgorlik uchun doimiy yashash joyi bo'lishi juda o'rinli, yodgorlik, bu Devid Olusoga yangi BBC seriali orqali amalga oshirildi Britaniyaning qora tarixi, shu yilning noyabr oyida BBC2 telekanalida efirga uzatiladi.

Richmond o'limidan qariyb 200 yil o'tgach, uning ajoyib hayoti va karerasi uzoq vaqtdan beri munosib e'tirofga sazovor bo'ldi.

Yuqoridagi matn 2016 yil 13 sentyabr, seshanba kuni ochilish marosimida Luqo G. Uilyams tomonidan berilgan nutqning tahrirlangan versiyasi. Bill Richmond haqida ko'proq ma'lumot olish uchun Luqoning Richmond Zanjirsiz kitobiga qarang.


Bokschi Bill Richmond: Qora tarix haqida kam ma'lum

Bill Richmond, "Qora terror"-"afroamerikaliklar" xalqaro "mukofotchi" deb nomlangan birinchi odam. Richmondt Staten orolidagi Richmondtown deb nomlangan hududda qul bo'lib tug'ilgan, shuningdek, inqilobiy urush paytida askar sifatida xizmat qilgan. Uning eng mashhur osilgan joyi - Nathaniel Hale, birinchi josus sifatida tan olingan amerikalik.

Richmond 1763 yilda Nyu -Yorkda qullar oilasida tug'ilgan. Taxminan 18 -asrning oxirlarida, o'sha paytda 14 yoshli Richmond, Angliyaning Yorkshir shahridagi kabinetchilikda o'qishga yuborilgan. Ammo askar bilan janjallashib, jang qilishga undaganidan so'ng, u shkaf yasashdan ko'ra ko'proq vaqtini boks bilan o'tkazdi. O'zining birinchi professional jangini 1804 yilda o'tkazgan, o'z-o'zini o'rgatgan yarim og'ir vaznli erkaklar o'z kattaligidan 4 va 5 baravar katta jang qilib, g'alaba qozonadi.

Richmond Jek Xolmsni Kilbernda 26 raundda mag'lubiyatga uchratgandan so'ng, sovrinli jangchi maqomini oldi. U eng mashhur ingliz yalang'och bokschisi Tom Kribbga qarshi o'tkazgan jangida mashhur bo'lgan. Richmond Cribbdan tezroq bo'lsa -da, u o'yinning 60 -raundida mag'lubiyatga uchradi. 1809 yilda u 52 raund jang qilib, Jorj Maddoksni mag'lubiyatga uchratib, 100 ta gvineyani yutdi.

Boksdan nafaqaga chiqqanidan so'ng, Richmond badavlat ayolga uylandi va oxirgi jangidagi g'alabasi bilan Horbill-se va Delfin nomli pab sotib oldi. Yigitlarga boks mahoratini o'rgatish uchun boks akademiyasini ham ochdi.

1999 yilda Bill Richmond Xalqaro boks shon -sharaf zaliga kiritildi.


Nashrlar va voqealar

04.2015 - Dallas advokatlar uyushmasi uzluksiz yuridik ta'lim (CLE) san'at huquqi bo'yicha taqdimot (savdo belgisi/mualliflik huquqi) (Dallas, Teksas), moderator

08.2014 - Dallas yosh advokatlar uyushmasi (DAYL) intellektual mulk asoslari bo'yicha CLE (Dallas, Teksas), moderator

01.2014 - Biznesni rivojlantirish bo'yicha DAYL CLE (Dallas, Teksas), panelist

12.2013 yil - "Pardani orqaga tortish: Texasdagi ommaviy axborot to'g'risidagi qonun", "Texas yosh huquqshunoslari ass -e -axborot byulleteni"


Birinchi qora sport yulduzi Bill Richmond

Qora sport yulduzlari haqida o'ylaganimizda, biz ko'pincha Muhammad Ali, Jeki Robinson, ehtimol Karim Abdul Jabbor yoki hatto Jek Jonson kabi ismlarga boramiz, lekin agar biz biroz chuqurroq o'ylab, biroz qattiqroq qarasak, Bill haqidagi hikoyani uchratishimiz mumkin. Richmond birinchi qora tanli sport yulduzi.

Bill Richmond 1763 yil 8 -avgustda Britaniya koloniyalarining forposti bo'lgan Staten orolida tug'ilgan. Uning ota -onasi ham qul bo'lgan va Billning ajoyib iste'dodlari, agar ingliz askari Xyu Persi, yosh Billni o'z qaramog'iga qo'yib yuborish uchun vahshiyni ishontirmaganida, hech qachon ochilmagan bo'lardi. Billning aql-zakovati, aql-idroki va qat'iyatliligi Persiga katta ta'sir ko'rsatdi, u 14 yoshli Richmondni o'zi bilan Angliyaga olib keldi va uni Yorkshirda shkaf ishlab chiqaruvchi qilib o'rnatdi.

Qora britaniyalik

Bunga ishonish qiyin bo'lishi mumkin, lekin o'sha paytda (1777) Britaniyada istiqomat qilgan urushda amerikalik isyonchilarga qarshi kurashish evaziga ozodliklari tiklangan Buyuk Britaniyada yashovchi qora tanlilar soni juda ko'p edi. Ammo, ajablanarlisi shundaki, Buyuk Britaniyaga kirganlarida, ular haddan tashqari irqchilikka duch kelishdi.

Aqlli kiyingan, o'ziga ishongan va savodli Richmond Buyuk Britaniyaning kichik aqidaparastlari uchun birdaniga nishonga aylangan edi, va yosh Bill o'zini zo'ravon odamlarning haqoratidan himoya qilib, ko'plab ko'kargan to'qnashuvlar va janjallarga duch keldi. vaqt. Aynan shu uchrashuvlar davomida Richmond o'zining irqiy haqoratchilariga kaltaklagandan keyin kaltak berib, o'zining jangovar qobiliyatini rivojlantira boshladi.

Zamonaviy etakchi bokschi Pirs Egan Richmondning so'zlari bilan aytganda, "o'z mamlakati yoki rangi uchun" erkakni kamsitish noto'g'ri ekanini o'z muxoliflariga o'rgatgan.

Jang klubi

Richmondning obro'si va jangovar jasorati sifatida obro'si osha boshladi va 1795 yilda Londonga ko'chib o'tdi. Prizfighting o'sha davrning etakchi sport turlaridan biri edi va Richmond ko'p yillar davomida Yorkshirda o'z -o'zidan tajribaga ega bo'lgan tajribali faxriysi Jorj Maddoksni 1804 yil yanvarda o'tkazilgan o'yinda o'zini ishonchli his qildi. Richmond 9 ta yaqin raundda bitta shafqatsiz zarba bilan mag'lubiyatga uchradi. chap ko'zining ustida. Bu yalang'och boks edi va janglardagi jarohatlar ko'pincha hayotni o'zgartirishi mumkin edi.

Kamroq irodali odam sportni tashlab ketishi mumkin edi, lekin 1805 yilda Richmond oltita shafqatsiz raunddan so'ng "butunlay qiyofasida" qolgan Yusuf ismli yahudiy bokschini mag'lubiyatga uchratib, muvaffaqiyatli qaytdi. Richmond buni tezda Jek Xolms ustidan g'alaba qozonib, "ommaviy qirg'in" ga o'xshatdi.

Bu va boshqa g'alabalar 1809 yilda Richmondning dushmani Jorj Maddoks bilan revansh jangini o'tkazish imkoniyatini ochib berdi. Jang avgust oyida bo'lib o'tdi va Richmond Maddoksni 52 raundda mag'lub etdi. Jang oxirida Maddox "yashirincha buzilgan" deb ta'riflandi. Ammo musobaqani kuzatganlarning barchasi, bu ikki kishining mahorati va jasorati hech qanday shubhasiz ketishiga rozi bo'lishdi.

Richmond o'zining yutuqlaridan boy bo'lgan va o'z pulini Lester maydonidagi "Otning egasi va uy egasi" va "Delfin" pivosiga aylantirgan. Bu vaqt mobaynida Richmond boshqa yosh jangchilarni tarbiyalay boshladi, ulardan biri yosh iqtidorli va qora tanli bokschi Tom Molina edi, u Richmond qo'li ostida Britaniya chempioni Tom Kribb bilan Britaniya tarixidagi eng bahsli janglardan birini o'tkazdi.

Richmond moliyaviy yo'qotishlar tufayli ringga qaytishga majbur bo'ldi. U 1814 yilda Jek Devis bilan jang qilgan, keyin esa 1815 yilda o'zining eng xavfli jangini 51 yoshida (qora rang chindan ham yorilmaydi) jang qilgan va yarim yoshida bo'lgan Tom Sheltonni mag'lub etgan. Bu Richmond bilan epik jang bo'ldi, natijada Shelton, irqchi aralashgan hakam va olomonni mag'lub etdi. O'sha kuni boks yozuvchilarining so'zlariga ko'ra, Richmond 23 raundning ko'p qismini chap ko'zidan ko'ra olmagan holda o'tkazgan.

Qora zo'rlik

Uning Britaniya boks elitalari orasidagi o'rni nihoyat Richmond o'z mahoratini Evropadagi royalti bilan namoyish qila boshladi va 1821 yilda u qirol Jorj IV tojiga boshlovchi sifatida qatnashdi. Shuni ta'kidlash kerakki, Richmond bularning barchasiga qullik juda qonuniy va keng tarqalgan amaliyot bo'lgan davrda erishgan.

Bill Richmond ajoyib hayot kechirgandan so'ng 1829 yilda Londondagi uyida vafot etdi va 1999 yilda Xalqaro boks shon -sharaf zaliga kiritildi.

Bepul Yuklash

Buni quyidagi havola orqali pdf formatida yuklab olishingiz mumkin:

Agar siz Richmond Unchained kitobini sotib olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, buni quyidagi havolalarda qilishingiz mumkin:

Agar sizga bu yoki boshqa mazmunli sayt yoqqan bo'lsa, iltimos, quyidagi havola orqali ko'proq yaratishni qo'llab -quvvatlang.


Bill Richmond: Qora bokschi Jorj IV saroyini hayratda qoldirdi va lord Bayronga yugurishni o'rgatdi

Haftalik "Lifestyle Edit" bepul axborot byulletenimiz bilan moda va undan keyingi tendentsiyalardan oldinda bo'ling

Haftalik "Lifestyle Edit" bepul axborot byulletenimiz bilan moda va undan keyingi tendentsiyalardan oldinda bo'ling

Bu 1821 yil 19 -iyul. Hozirgina qirol Jorj IV toj kiydirildi va Vestminster zalida uning sharafiga dabdabali ziyofat boshlanmoqda. Dabdababozlik va haddan tashqari stendlar o'rtasida 18 ta kuchli shaxslar paydo bo'ldi, ularning ajoyib ishtiroki ko'plab zodagonlar va obro'li odamlarning hayrat va minnatdorchiligiga sabab bo'ladi. Retro-Tudor-Styuart kostyumlarini kiygan, bu erkaklar Angliyaning etakchi bokschilari va shu tariqa bu mamlakatning eng mashhur va tug'ma sportchilari.

Bu nomuvofiq guruh orasida bir kishi ajralib turadi. Bir xil oq yuzli dengizda, Bill Richmond faqat qora tanli odam edi. Richmondning bo'yi 5 futdan oshmagan va u allaqachon 57 yoshda edi, lekin jasadli va terli podshohdan farqli o'laroq (u bir yosh katta edi), Richmond hali ham ajoyib jismoniy holatda edi, bir gramm yog 'ham aniqlanmagan edi. va bir paytlar muxlis tomonidan "haykaltaroshlik uchun o'rganish" deb ta'riflangan simli mushakli ramka.

Richmond birinchi marta London mukofotlari ringining jozibali, ammo xavfli dunyosiga kirganiga 17 yil bo'ldi, lekin hozir u nafaqaga chiqdi, lekin uning bokschi yoki "pugilist" sifatida erishgan yutuqlari gruzinlarning tanlagan muddatini o'z zimmasiga oldi. benuqson edi.

Metafora va tom ma'noda, Richmond 1763 yilda tug'ilganidan buyon ajoyib sayohatni boshdan kechirdi, Londonda erkinlik, glamur va ijtimoiy qabul qilish hayotini yaratish uchun Amerikadagi Staten orolidagi parsonajda qullikdan qutulish uchun 3500 mil masofani bosib o'tdi. Richmond o'zining shaxsiyatining kuchli kuchi va ijtimoiy taraqqiyotga befarq bo'lmagan ko'zlari orqali, xuddi Charlz Dikkensning haqiqiy hayotidagi qahramon singari, o'zini ingliz jamiyatining yuksak tabaqasining kamdan-kam uchraydigan cho'qqilaridan namuna olish uchun silliqlash va qullik hayotidan uzoqlashtirdi, deputatlar, zodagonlar va Lord Bayron kabi kishilar bilan aralashib, Gruziya davrining eng taniqli "rang odamlari" dan biriga aylandi.

19 -asr boshlarida qora tanli odam "mashhur" bo'lsin, har qanday mashhurlikka erishishi juda kam uchraydigan yutuq edi. Bu hali ham jamiyat edi, axir, 1810 yilda "Britannica" ensiklopediyasi "negrlarni" "odamning o'ziga o'zi qoldirgan buzuqligining dahshatli namunasi" deb ta'riflashi mumkin bo'lgan joyda edi.

Shu sababli, sport va ijtimoiy tarixchilarning hayratlanarli jamoaviy kamchiliklari meni hayratda qoldiradi, chunki Bill Richmondning hikoyasi deyarli aytilmagan, shuningdek, uning hayotidagi tasodifiy hikoya Gollivud filmiga loyiq bo'lsa, xayolotning dahshatli muvaffaqiyatsizligi.

Richmond kashshof qora tanli bokschi edi - Jek Jonson va Muhammad Ali kabi izdoshlar. U 1763 yilda Amerikada qul sifatida hayot boshlagan, ehtimol erkak yoki ayol tug'ilishi mumkin bo'lgan eng yomon ijtimoiy sharoit. O'smirlik chog'ida, Richmond ozodlikni qo'lga kiritdi va ingliz askari va olijanob Xyu Persi himoyasiga kirdi, uning aqli va aql -zakovati Amerika urushi paytida Staten orolidagi sodiq qal'ada bo'lganida Persini hayratga soldi. Mustaqillik.

1777 yilda Persi Richmondning qul-egasi Rev Richard Charltonni o'z qaramog'iga qo'yib yuborishga ko'ndirdi. Bu yigitning hayotini o'zgartirdi va 1820 -yillarga kelib Richmond nafaqat bokschi, balki professional va havaskor pugilistlarning murabbiyi va o'qituvchisi sifatida ham katta hurmatga sazovor bo'ldi. Masalan, u ajoyib esseist Uilyam Xazlittga saboq berdi, u uni "mening sobiq xo'jayinim" deb hayrat bilan atagan, lord Bayron ham Richmondning g'ayratli o'quvchilaridan biri bo'lgan.

Persi Richmondni Angliyaning shimoliga olib keldi, u o'qish va yozish uchun o'qish haqini to'ladi, so'ng uni kabinet tayyorlash bo'yicha shogirdlik o'rnatdi, bu vaqtda Britaniyada yashovchi qora tanli odam uchun juda yuqori darajadagi rasmiy ta'lim edi. Keyinchalik u oq tanli xotini Meri bilan Londonga ko'chib o'tdi, Richmond Yorkshirda kabinet ishlab chiqaruvchi bo'lgan paytlarida tanishgan. Bu poytaxtda edi, Richmondning hayoti uning qirqdan oshmagan shuhrati va muvaffaqiyatli bokschi bo'lganida qo'llab -quvvatlash uchun yosh oila bilan boshlandi.

19 -asrning boshlarida, boks, ot poygasi bilan bir qatorda, Angliyada sportning asosiy turi bo'lib, gazetalar sahifalarida ko'pincha so'nggi musobaqalar haqida to'liq hisobotlar bor edi. Tez orada Richmond sportning eng mashxur amaliyotchilaridan biriga aylandi, u ko'plab eng yaxshi da'vogarlarni ortda qoldirdi va 19 ta jang va 17 ta g'alaba qozondi. Yuqorida aytib o'tilgan Jorj IV ning tantanali tantanalarida uning ishtiroki uning ingliz jamiyati va sport doiralariga qabul qilinishining yakuniy ramzi edi.

Men bir vaqtlar Richmondning hayoti va martabasi haqidagi aniq faktlardan xabardor edim, Jorj MakDonald Freyzerning "Qora Ajax" romani, u yordamchi xarakter sifatida tasvirlangan, shuningdek, "Kanal 4" hujjatli filmi "Yalang'och bokschi" va boshqa kitoblar tufayli. boks tarixi - lekin 1829 yilda vafotidan beri Richmondga bag'ishlangan bitta biografiya yo'qligini bilganimda hayron bo'ldim.

Richmondning hayotiga qiziqib qolganimga qaramay, avvaliga uning tarjimai holini o'rganish va yozish niyatim yo'q edi. Ammo hamma narsa 2003 yilning yozida, Londonning Kolindeyldagi Britaniya gazetalari kutubxonasida Bellning Londondagi hayoti va Sport xronikasidan oshkora va ilhomlantiruvchi maqolani topganimda o'zgardi.

Maqola 1829 yil dekabrda, boks bo'yicha Angliya chempionatining sobiq sohibi Tom Kribb tomonidan vafotidan keyin Richmond haqida yozilgan "dafn marosimi" edi. Bu men boks va sport tarixi kitoblarida o'qigan hikoyamga zid edi: Richmond va Kribb o'ta ashaddiy dushmanlar edi. Shubhasiz, erkaklar, bir bosqichda, qattiq raqobatni bo'lishishdi - Cribb, 1805 yilda Richmondni ringda mag'lubiyatga uchratgan edi, 1810 va 1811 yillardagi chempionlik bahslarida o'z himoyachisi Tom Molinoni mag'lub etishdan oldin. Cribbning vafot etgan Richmondga bo'lgan iliq va saxovatli ehtiromi, Shekspir spektaklidagi Mark Antoniyning Yuliy Tsezarga ko'rsatgan hurmatiga binoan, erkaklar sovrinli ringdan nafaqaga chiqqanlaridan so'ng, ular yaqin do'st bo'lib qolishgan.

Tavsiya etiladi

Nutqni o'qib, men ham o'zimni juda ta'sirlandim. Qisman, menimcha, bu "er yuzida yurgan eng qattiq va eng erkaklaridan biri" oddiy, to'mtoq Tom Kribb "tomonidan yozilganligi uchun, lekin u Richmond haqida yozganida, Cribb hech qanday to'siqsiz, beg'ubor va tiniq ko'rinardi. do'stiga mehr va muhabbat izhor qilishdan uyalmagan. "Hammangiz bir marta Richmondni yaxshi ko'rardingiz", dedi u bir paytlar, xuddi ritorikaning gullab -yashnashi kabi tuyulishi mumkin edi, lekin u "yuragi Billi bilan qobiqda uxlab yotganini" tan olgan Cribbdan kelgan. men uchun muhim hissiy rezonansga erishgan chiziq.

Cribbning nutqi Richmondning millatiga qanday murojaat qilgani bilan ham qiziq edi. Zamonaviy nazarda, "N-so'z" va Cribbning Richmondga "qora" deb murojaat qilishi, eng yomoni, haqoratli va eng yaxshi, og'riqli sodda va bema'ni. Biroq, sharmandali qoqilishlariga qaramay ("Men bu erda Bill oq edi deb aytmoqchi emasman"), Kribbning nutqi juda ajoyib ishlarni amalga oshirdi: to'g'ridan -to'g'ri Gruziya Angliyasida keng tarqalgan to'siqlar va xurofotlarga qarshi.

Cribb o'zining maqtov so'zini yozganda, Britaniya imperiyasida qullikning bekor qilinishiga to'rt yil, Avraam Linkolnning ozodlik e'loniga esa hali 33 yil qoldi. Shunga qaramay, bu muhim voqealardan bir necha yil oldin, Cribb jasoratli da'vat qilib, barcha odamlarni millati emas, fe'l -atvori va harakatlariga qarab baholamoqchi edi. Cribbning "rang har doim odamni yaratadi" degan fikrni rad etishi, o'lim oldida ham halollik bilan ifodalangan, ham ilhomlantirgan, Kribb ta'kidlaganidek, hamma odamlar, qanday "rang" bo'lishidan qat'i nazar, bir kun kelib xuddi shunday bo'ysunadilar. taqdir va ularning "perchidan" "yiqilish".

Taqdirlash men uchun Richmond qanday ajoyib hayot kechirganiga e'tibor qaratishga yordam berdi. Meni Britaniyaning changli arxivlaridan, Richmond bir vaqtlar qul bo'lgan Staten orolidagi cherkovga olib borgan keyingi o'n yillik tadqiqotlar davomida, men ko'p marta Richmond o'z millati tufayli zo'ravonlikka duch kelganini aniqladim. Boks ringida bo'ladimi, ko'chada sayr qilayotganda yoki Ot va Delfin barini ushlab turganda - Richmondning jangidan keyin Londonning qora tanli jamoasining markaziga aylangan jamoat uyi, unga 1810-1812 yillar orasida uy egasi bo'lishga imkon berdi. irqiy mazax va zo'ravonlik Bill uchun doimo mavjud bo'lgan.

Blekvudning Edinburg jurnali ma'qullangan maqolada, u "Lily-oq" deb nomlangan. Bu hatto Richmond muxlislari ham uni ta'riflash uchun ishlatadigan homiylik tiliga xos edi. U, shuningdek, "qora", "mungo", "pugilizm sable maktabi" va "qora iblis" ning asoschisi deb ham atalgan.

U bu masxara va xurofotlarni engib, professional va jamoat hayotida ko'rsatgan jasorati juda katta edi. Bundan tashqari, Richmondning pugilistik ekspluatatsiyalari jamoatchilikni hayolga keltirdi va ular muntazam ravishda milliy va mahalliy gazetalar sahifalarida batafsil yoritib berildi va ko'pchilik gazetalarning uzunligi atigi to'rt varaq bo'lgan.

Richmondning shon -shuhratining darajasini, o'sha davr rassomlari Robert Daytonning "Richmondning ajoyib ko'rinishi" kabi bosma nashrlar chiqarganligi bilan ham o'lchash mumkin. Bundan tashqari, Jorj IV ning tantanali tantanali marosimi uning qirollik bilan bo'lgan yagona uchrashuvi emas edi, chunki 1814 yilda Prussiyadan Frederik Uilyam III Londonga tashrif buyurganida, Richmond "mushtning mashhur professorlaridan" biri edi va uning oldida yugurish buyurilgan edi. boshqa turli qirollik zodagonlari va zodagonlari.

Richmondning diqqatga sazovor xususiyatlaridan yana biri shundaki, u bir bo'g'inli bezorining odatiy stereotipidan iloji boricha uzoqroq edi. U bilan tez -tez uchrashganlar uning ajoyib xulq -atvori, aqlli suhbati va aql -zakovati, shuningdek, kulgili "tegirmonli latifalar" ni aytish qobiliyati haqida gapirar edilar - bu o'sha paytlarda qora tanlilar intellektual ekanligi haqidagi aqidaparast, ammo keng tarqalgan tasavvurga ega bo'lgan fazilatlar. oqlardan pastroq. Darhaqiqat, Richmond oq tanli zamondoshlariga qaraganda yaxshiroq o'qimishli edi, ularning ba'zilari savodsiz edi.

Gruziya bokschilarining ekspluatatsiyasini ommalashtirishda asosiy omil bo'lgan yozuvchi Pirs Egan o'zining "Boxiana" jurnalining birinchi jildida Richmondning aql-zakovati haqida uzoq yozgan va shunday deb yozgan edi: "U aqlli, muloqotga moyil, o'zini tuta biladigan va shu bilan birga faol. u tegirmonchilik tamoyillarini e'lon qilish bilan shug'ullanar ekan, u boshqa hech narsa haqida gapirishga qodir bo'lmagan darajada kurashmaydi.

Ta'sirchanki, Richmond nafaqaga chiqqanida ham o'zini tuta biladigan odam edi, ko'p zamondoshlaridan farqli o'laroq, u baquvvat va mo''tadil bo'lmadi, lekin o'zining mushak xususiyatlarini saqlab qoldi va alkogolga bo'lgan munosabatini, asosan, "Morning" Postni kuzatib, u kamdan -kam hollarda "bir stakan sharob va suvdan ko'proq" olgan.

Richmond, shuningdek, ijtimoiy tadbirkorning ishbilarmonlik va altruistik ruhiga ega edi. 19 -asr boshlarida Londonda yashagan qora tanli erkaklar uchun boks pulli va mustaqil ishga olib borishning kamdan -kam yo'llaridan biri edi (xavfli bo'lsa ham) va Richmond shogirdlaridan biri boshqa sobiq qul Tom Molina edi. whom Richmond mentored and trained for his famous championship contests against Cribb in 1810 and 1811.

These were arguably the two most significant sporting occasions of Georgian times, attracting huge crowds and unprecedented press attention, and Richmond was a key figure in brokering and promoting both bouts. Sadly, while Richmond bucked the age-old cliché of the fast-living sports star, Molineaux's career and life were marred by personal excesses and proved all too short-lived.

Richmond has a good case to be recognised as the first black sportsman of national fame and international significance, the trailblazer to a long, illustrious and socially significant line that eventually stretched to include the likes of Jack Johnson, Jesse Owens, Jackie Robinson and Muhammad Ali. Richmond wouldn't have known this in 1821, of course, but as he stood at the heart of coronation festivities – a black man thriving within a bastion of white privilege – he could have been forgiven for pausing to reflect just how far he had travelled, and how remarkable a life and career he had already led.

Given the wide scope of his accomplishments, it is high time that Richmond was afforded the prominent place in British history that his life and achievements so richly deserve. I hope that my book Richmond Unchained will enable more people to learn about this remarkable man and his remarkable life, and that the unveiling yesterday of a memorial to Richmond at the Tom Cribb pub in Panton Street, London – once the stomping ground of his rival-turned-friend, as well as the location where Richmond spent the last evening before his death – will provide a lasting tribute to a man who overcame the terrible circumstances of his birth to become one of the wonders of the Georgian age.

'Richmond Unchained' by Luke G Williams (Amberley, £15.99) is out now


Bill Richmond - Britain's first black celebrity

On the sweltering afternoon of 19th July 1821, a celebratory banquet was about to get under way in Westminster hall in honour of the new King, George IV, who had been crowned earlier in the day (as told by Luke G Willliams). In amongst the royal family and fabulously wealthy aristocrats were 18 men who had been invited to the occasion on the merit of their sporting prowess. These were pugilists, or prize-fighters, men who competed in a sport that nominally was the precursor to modern boxing but was more akin to modern UFC or MMA there were no boxing gloves, and basically no rules.

Banquet guests gasped excitedly as they observed the men, celebrities of their day and in peak physical condition, but there was one man who stood out among them all. Standing at 5&rsquo9 (comfortably above average height for a man at the time), he had not an ounce of fat on him and his presence demanded the attention of everyone in the room. Though his face showed signs of age, his torso was immaculately sculpted, and he was in considerably better shape even than the elite fighters who stood next to him. He also stood out because he was black. He was the only black face among a sea of white faces, and guests were fascinated.

This was the famous Bill Richmond. Although he was 57 years old and retired from fighting, he was still the most formidable looking of the men and commanded the respect of the thrilled guests. Richmond&rsquos journey to Westminster that summer afternoon had involved an escape from slavery, thousands of miles of travel, racial strife and a whole lot of fighting. He had earned his place as a well-respected sportsman and was Britain&rsquos first black celebrity. Standing among the elite of British society, he must have felt that this was the pinnacle of a life that had started a long way from the royal banquet.

Bill Richmond

Born into slavery

Bill Richmond's biographer, Luke G Williams, gives the most reliable account for his early life. He was born on 5th August 1763 on Staten Island, New York, to slave parents who worked in the household of Richard Charlton, a wealthy Reverend at St Andrew&rsquos Episcopal church. Charlton resided in the town of Richmond on Staten Island and it is thought that this is where Bill took his surname from. He could have easily been condemned to a life of anonymous servitude, but events in the world around him produced a chance meeting with the man who would change his life.

In 1775 decades of tensions between colonists in America and the British government in London led to the American declaration of independence and the subsequent mobilisation of British troops in New York City, seen as a key port for the inevitable war. As a prominent loyalist Charlton invited the commander of British troops in New York, Hugh Percy, the Duke of Northumberland, to his residence on Staten Island the following year and it was here that Percy was introduced to Bill Richmond. The Duke was dazzled by the boy, who was only 13 but had such physical presence and exhibited such intelligence that Percy knew he had to take him under his wing. Eventually, Percy persuaded Charlton to sell the youngster to him.

At his headquarters in New York City Hugh Percy would often host important guests and one of his favourite forms of entertainment was prize fighting. Having spotted Richmond&rsquos potential as a fighter, Percy organised fights for the boy and before long was picking out some of the toughest soldiers in the British army to test him. The teenage Richmond despatched them easily, and Percy was wildly impressed.

Though a strong abolitionist himself, Percy did not want to antagonise the American loyalists he so desperately needed for the war effort by openly freeing his slave, so he did what he considered to be the next best thing. In 1777, he sent Richmond to England and paid for him to attend school in Northumbria where his ferocious intelligence earned top grades, before arranging a cabinetmaking apprenticeship for him in York when he left school. Cabinetmaking was a highly valued profession at the time, and local people were curious about why a black man had been afforded these opportunities by a high-ranking noble. Not everyone was pleased with his success, and some people were even less impressed when he married a local white woman, Mary Dunwick, with whom he would have several children.

From amateur to professional

Richmond continued his amateur fighting career in York but according to Pierce Egan, a local journalist in the 1790s, at least a few of his fights there came about because of racist insults that were hurled at him. Either way, he soon built a reputation as a formidable fighter, and it was a reputation that would open even more doors for him. Prize fighting was immensely popular in Britain at the time and transcended the strict social class system, with workmen and aristocrats alike keenly attending fights and following the newspaper reports which breathlessly gave details of important fights up and down the land.

Yet it was not until he was in his forties that Bill Richmond would start to fight professionally. William DeLong describes how, having moved to London with his young family in 1795, Richmond met Thomas Pitt, the Lord of Camelford and a former Navy officer. Pitt was an avid fan of prize fighting and hired Richmond nominally to help in his household, but Richmond &ndash who always had a keen eye for social advancement &ndash would spend most of his time coaching Pitt in the art of fighting. The two became friends and would attend fights together, sparring with each other while onlookers marvelled at the natural swagger of Pitt and the pure athleticism and guile of Richmond. By the early 19th century, Richmond was being paid to fight, and his professional career would end with a very respectable record of 17 wins out of 19 fights. Yet even the two losses were losses of the heroic variety, gaining Richmond even more respect. The first came in one of his first professional fights in 1804, where he squared off against George Maddox. Maddox was undefeated and would typically win victory against other opponents in a couple of rounds, but Richmond managed to take him on for nine rounds before finally succumbing to defeat. He would eventually beat Maddox in a rematch in 1809, after a colossal 52 rounds, winning 100 guineas for his troubles. He was 45 years old at the time.

His other loss had been in 1805 and would spark one of the most famous rivalries in early 19th century British sport. On a field in Sussex Bill Richmond faced the renowned Tom Cribb, 18 years his junior, and managed to battle him for 90 minutes before Cribb knocked him out. Cribb would go on to become the undisputed champion of British boxing between 1809 and 1822, and Richmond never forgot his loss to the young upstart.

Tom Molineaux fights Tom Cribb, with Bill Richmond standing behind him.

In 1810 he used the money he had earnt to establish a pub, the Horse and Dolphin, just off Leicester Square. It was here that he met Tom Molineaux, a fellow freed American slave who had travelled to England to pursue a prize fighting career. Richmond coached Molineaux and prepared him for two mammoth fights against the now-national champion Tom Cribb, but Cribb won both fights and Molineaux fired Richmond as his trainer. As a result, Richmond lost a large amount of income and was forced to sell his pub.

Retirement and death

Richmond fought sporadically in the 1810s but was fully retired by his early fifties. It was during this time that he formed an unlikely friendship with his former nemesis Tom Cribb. After retiring himself, Cribb took ownership of the Union Arms pub, a few doors down from Richmond&rsquos old pub near Leicester Square, and the two former foes would often be spotted drinking together. Indeed, it was in the Union Arms where Richmond was last seen alive. On the evening of Sunday 27th December 1829, he dined with Cribb as he always did on a Sunday before retiring to his home with a cough. He would not live to see the morning. In the early hours of Monday 28th December 1829, Bill Richmond died at the age of 66.

Although Cribb was forced to miss the funeral because of his own illness (he would recover and live until 1848), he dictated a heartbroken eulogy to his friend which was read at the funeral on his behalf. Despite its use of language that would be unacceptable today &ndash his letter routinely referred to his friend as &lsquoblacky&rsquo and was dotted with unfortunate phrases such as &lsquoI am not here to say that Billy was white&rsquo &ndash Cribb&rsquos letter was a challenge the racial boundaries that Richmond had faced and that would exist in the world far beyond his time. He scoffed at the idea that &lsquocolour always makes the man&rsquo and noted that all people, no matter their colour, will eventually meet the same end. Cribb, the fearsome and poorly educated former sailor from Bristol, showed he had a more open mind than most of Britain&rsquos elite.

Tom Cribb's pub still stands in London today.

In August 2015, a plaque honouring Bill Richmond was unveiled in the Tom Cribb pub.

Bill Richmond&rsquos Horse and Dolphin pub has long since been demolished, but Tom Cribb&rsquos pub still stands in the exact spot it always did. In 1960, its name was changed from the Union Arms to the Tom Cribb, and in 2015 a memorial plaque was unveiled in the pub in honour of Bill Richmond. The few people who know this story can look around the pub and imagine Bill Richmond having a drink and a laugh with his friend Tom Cribb. But most modern patrons may look at the plaque and wonder why they have never heard of the man, Britain&rsquos first black celebrity. His name, once respected across the land and listed as a guest of honour at the King&rsquos coronation, has faded from national memory. As unjust as that is, the fact that he was ever famous at all is a testament to this remarkable man. He now resides in the anonymity he was born into, but through sheer talent and intelligence was able to break free from that anonymity in his lifetime. His fame was taken from him, but his achievements cannot be.

Acknowledgements

The Ministry of History is not an academic source. Our pieces are written by writers who have been studying history for years and are well versed in and influenced by countless other writers and works. For this article specifically our sources have included:

'Bill Richmond' - article by IBHOF.com (International Boxing Hall of Fame)

'Bill Richmond: The Black Boxer Wowed the Court of George IV and Taught Lord Byron to Spar', article Luke G Williams, published by Mustaqil (2015)

Dead Famous: An Unexpected History of Celebrity From Bronze Age to Silver Screen, Greg Jenner (2020).


Storyteller-in-Chief

Adele Johnson at home in Rocketts Landing. An abstract painting by Virginia artist Norman Wyatt keeps Johnson’s imagination active. “I make up my own story every day. I love looking at it,” she says.

Johnson’s love for her husband of nine years, Billy Cooper, leads her to pull out a photo book of their wedding and name it as one of her favorite things.

A metallic silver urn with faces that meet at the top tells another story of family continuity. For Johnson, the faces represent past, present and future, like shared DNA.

At the center of the living room is an expansive textured table from Restoration Hardware that is both contemporary and modern. “That’s who I try to be,” she says.

In the foyer, a work made of broken glass assembled into a form by Virginia artist Stacy Brown hangs on a wood lattice support.

Two small dolls stand together on a bookshelf. While Johnson doesn’t collect dolls, these two — gifts from her daughter — are special.

Throw pillows are tossed casually on matching oversized chairs and a sofa in the living room. Johnson loves them for their comfort and the African flavor of the fabric.

After living for 15 years in Brandermill, a planned community in Chesterfield County, Adele Johnson and her husband, Billy Cooper, were ready for a change. “He’s a city guy,” Johnson says of Cooper, a Richmond native. So, a year ago, the couple left their lake view behind and moved to one of Richmond’s newest semi-urban neighborhoods, Rocketts Landing, which is a stone’s throw from the James River just east of town.

“I’d been looking at Rocketts Landing for a number of years,” Johnson says, and she’s happy with their decision. Purchasing their home before it was built gave them the opportunity to customize and get things just right. They’ve got five floors — a man-cave basement, first-floor living room and kitchen, two floors of bedrooms and a rooftop deck with views in every direction. Plus, there’s an elevator for convenience. And it’s just a quick drive to Johnson’s new gig as executive director of Richmond’s Black History Museum & Cultural Center of Virginia.

On and off the job, Johnson’s passions for family and stories of the past have converged. “My dad was a history buff, very well-read and well-traveled,” she says. “My mom was the family storyteller, always talking about ancestors and getting everyone together. So, I had an appreciation for memories and culture. I feel like this is the right time, this is where I’m supposed to be.”

At the museum, she says, “We have the responsibility to tell stories about African-Americans who’ve done great things. It’s an honor to walk in the building every day and know that we could have an impact on someone.” She cites well-known luminaries like Bill “Bojangles” Robinson, who tap danced around the world but paid for a stoplight in Jackson Ward to keep children safe as they crossed the street. And she mentions lesser-known but important people such as Mary Davidson, who invented the toilet-tissue holder. Sharing the stories of these African-American Richmonders of the past is part of making that impact, especially with school visitors. “They learn that you can find a problem and come up with a solution,” Johnson says. “You, too, can be an inventor.”

At home, Johnson and Cooper relish the chance to spend time together in the calm of their living room and kitchen, which feature plenty of places to sit and sip a glass of wine after work. Visits are welcome from their children and five grandchildren, as well as from Cooper’s mother, who has the second floor all to herself. Just like at the museum, legacies are passed on through objects that tell stories of the past and inform the future of their family.


Black History Month: Bill Richmond (1763-1829)

Bill Richmond, also known as “The Black Terror”, the first black boxer to gain international recognition, was born in Cuckold's Town — now Richmondtown — on Staten Island, New York, on August 5, 1763.

In 1777, when the English troops held New York during the revolutionary war, he served their general, Earl Percy, afterward the Duke of Northumberland.

When Percy returned to England, he took young Bill with him and sent him to school in Yorkshire. He also served as an apprentice to a cabinet maker.

The first glimpse of the talent he possessed with his fists came into view against Docky Moore, a soldier who insulted Richmond, and was promptly challenged to fight. Although considerably outweighed, Richmond thrashed the soldier and soon enjoyed similar success against others who attempted to insult him in ensuing years.

Richmond had his first professional fight in January 1804, when he was 36 years old.

He witnessed veteran boxer George Maddox in action and declared he could defeat him. Given the opportunity, he failed miserably. Maddox stopped him in three rounds. Undeterred, Richmond entered the ring in May 1805 and defeated a Jewish boxer known as “Fighting Youssep”.

This contest gave him a reputation as a pugilist, and he was soon matched with boxer Jack Holmes, who was credited with giving Tom Cribb, one of the leading pugilists in England, one of his toughest fights.

The win over Holmes after 26 gruelling rounds set the stage for a match with Cribb in October 1805.

Now 42, Richmond demonstrated excellent footwork and sound defence against Cribb before enduring withering punishment from his 24-year-old foe and succumbing to defeat in the 25th round.

It was Richmond's second and last defeat.

In 1808, Richmond faced and defeated Jack Carter at Epsom Downs near London. In 1809, he had a rematch with Maddox at Wimbledon Common and won after 52 rounds. Richmond married after this fight and with his winnings bought a pub, the Horse and Dolphin in Leicester Square, London. Richmond also opened a boxing academy and on occasion he fought in exhibition boxing matches. He also became a cricketer.

Bill Richmond died at his home in London in 1829. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1999.


Videoni tomosha qiling: Showdown Parody: Half-Asian Lawyer Bill Richmond. Louder With Crowder