Asosiy voqealar, sport voqealari va 1980 yilgi Nobel mukofotlari - Tarix

Asosiy voqealar, sport voqealari va 1980 yilgi Nobel mukofotlari - Tarix


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  • Butun Polsha bo'ylab ish tashlashlar
  • To'rt kishidan iborat to'da sudlanmoqda
  • Liviya qo'shinlari Chad fuqarolar urushiga aralashdi
  • Eron-Iroq urushi boshlanadi
  • Chapchilar Kolumbiyadagi elchixonani egallab olishdi

Sport

NBA: Los-Anjeles Leykers va Filadelfiya 76ers seriyasi: 4-2
NCAA futboli: Jorjiya rekordi: 12-0-0
Heisman Trophy: Jorj Rojers, Janubiy Karolina, RB ballari: 1,128
Stenli Kubogi: Nyu-York oroli va Filadelfiya Flyersga qarshi seriya: 4-2
Super Bowl XIV: Pittsburgh Steelers va LA Rams hisoblari: 31-19
AQSh ochiq golf: Jek Niklaus skori: 272 kurs: Baltusrol GC Manzil: Springfild, NJ
Jahon seriyasi: Filadelfiya Phillies va boshqalar Kanzas-Siti Royals seriyasi: 4-2

Ommabop musiqa

1. "Iltimos, ketma" ... KC & Sunshine Band
2. "Siz bilan rok" ... Maykl Jekson
3. "Menga yana shunday qil" ... Kapitan va Tenill
4. "Sevgi deb nomlangan aqldan oz narsa" ... Qirolicha
5. "Devordagi yana bir g'isht" ... Pink Floyd
6. "Menga qo'ng'iroq qiling" ... Blondie
7. "Funkytown" ... Lipps, Inc.
8. "Kelayotgan" ... Pol Makkartni
9. "Bu hali ham men uchun rok va rol" ... Billi Joel
10. "Sehr" ... Kristofer Xoch

Ommabop filmlar

1. Samolyot
2. Hammasi jazz
3. Qora ayg'ir
4. Moviy lagun
5. Blues Brothers
6. Brubaker
7. Caddyshack
8. Ikkinchi bob
9. Cheech va Chongning navbatdagi filmi
10. Ko'mir konchisining qizi

Eng mashhur kitoblar

Badiiy adabiyot
1. Jeyms Michener "Ahd"
2. Robert Ludlumning "Bourne identifikatori"
3. Sidney Sheldonning "Farishtalarning g'azabi"
4. Judit Krantsning "Malika Daisy" asari
5. Stiven Kingning "Olovli boshlovchi"

Badiiy adabiyot
1. Duglas Keysi tomonidan "Inqirozga sarmoya kiritish"
2. Karl Sagan "Kosmos";
3. Milton va Rouz Fridmanning "Tanlashda erkin"
4. Norman Kuzenlarning "Kasallik anatomiyasi"
5. Gey Talesining Pritiken tomonidan "Sizning qo'shningizning xotini" dietasi va mashqlari dasturi, Natan Pritiken.

Eng mashhur teleseriallar

1. Dallas (CBS)
2. Hazzard gersoglari (CBS)
3. 60 daqiqa (CBS)
4. M*A*S*H (CBS)
5. Sevgi qayig'i (ABC)
6. Jeffersonlar (CBS)
7. Elis (CBS)
8. Uy qo'ng'iroqlari (CBS)
9. Uch kompaniyasi (ABC)
10. Prairiyadagi kichkina uy (NBC)

Akademiya mukofotlari

Eng yaxshi rasm: "Oddiy odamlar"
Eng yaxshi rejissyor: Robert Redford ... "Oddiy odamlar"
Eng yaxshi aktyor: Robert DeNiro ... "Qudratli buqa"
Eng yaxshi aktrisa: Sissi Speysek ... "Ko'mirchi qizi"

Grammy mukofotlari

Yil rekordi: "Yelkanlar" ... Kristofer Xoch
Eng yaxshi qo'shiq; "Yelkanli" ... Kristofer Xoch
Eng yaxshi albom: Kristofer Xros ... "Kristofer xoch"
Erkak vokalchi: Kenni Loggins ... "Bu shunday"
Ayol vokalchi: Bette Midler ... "Atirgul"

Nobel mukofotlari

Kimyo
Sovrin ikkiga bo'lindi, uning yarmi: BERG, PAUL, AQSh, Stenford universiteti, Stenford, Kaliforniya, b. 1926 yil: "nuklein kislotalari biokimyosini, xususan, rekombinant-DNKni o'rganish bo'yicha fundamental tadqiqotlar uchun"; va qolgan yarmi birgalikda: GILBERT, Uolter, AQSh, Biologik laboratoriyalar, Kembrij, MA, b. 1932; va SANGER, FREDERIK, AQSh, Buyuk Britaniya, MRC molekulyar biologiya laboratoriyasi, Kembrij, b. 1918 yil: "nuklein kislotalarning asosli ketma -ketligini aniqlashga qo'shgan hissalari uchun"

Adabiyot
MILOSZ, CHELSAV, AQSH va Polsha, b. 1911 yil (Seteinay shahrida, Litva): "murosasiz aniqlik bilan odamlarning ochiq mojarolar dunyosidagi holatini ochiq aytadi"

Tinchlik
ESQUIVEL, ADOLFO PEREZ, Argentina, b. 1931: me'mor, haykaltarosh va inson huquqlari etakchisi.

Fiziologiya yoki tibbiyot
Sovrin birgalikda berildi: BENACERRAF, BARUJ, AQSh, Garvard tibbiyot maktabi, Boston, MA, b. 1920 yil (Karakas, Venesuela); DAUSSET, JEAN, Frantsiya, Universite de Paris, Laboratoire Immuno-Hematologi, Parij, b. 1916; va SNELL, GEORGE D., AQSh, Jekson laboratoriyasi, Bar Harbor, ME, b. 1903, d. 1996; "Immunologik reaktsiyalarni tartibga soluvchi hujayra yuzasida genetik jihatdan aniqlangan tuzilmalar haqidagi kashfiyotlari uchun"

Fizika
Sovrin teng taqsimlandi: CRONIN, JEMES, V., AQSh, Chikago universiteti, Chikago, IL, b. 1931; va FITCH, VAL L., AQSh, Princeton universiteti, Princeton, NJ, b. 1923 yil: "neytral K-mezonlarning parchalanishida asosiy simmetriya tamoyillari buzilganligini aniqlagani uchun"

Pulitser mukofotlari

Drama: Lanford Uilson ... "Talleyning ahmoqligi"
Badiiy adabiyot: Norman Mailer ... "Jallodning qo'shig'i"
Tarix: Leon F. Litvack ... "Bo'ronda uzoq vaqt bo'lgan"
Xalqaro reportaj: Joel Brinkli ... "Louisville Courier-Journal"
Milliy hisobot: Bette Swenson Orsini va Charlz Stafford ... "Sankt -Peterburg (FL) Times"
Davlat xizmati: "Gannett News Service"


1980 -yillardagi muhim yangiliklar va voqealar, asosiy texnologiyalar modasi va mashhur madaniyat

Sakkizinchi yillar an'anaviy kommunizmning qulashi va Sovuq Urushning tugashini ko'radi, Microsoft, IBM, Intel va Apple butun hayotimizga ta'sir qila boshlaydi, chunki kichik kompyuterlar arzonlashadi va uy va biznes, shu jumladan Efiopiyadagi ocharchilik keng tarqaladi. asosiy musiqa yulduzlari pul yig'ish va xabardorlikni oshirish uchun birlashadilar va texnologiya arzon va kichikroq bo'lgani uchun mobil telefonlarning boshlanishi.

Quyida sanab o'tilgan voqealar, biz qo'shimcha ma'lumot beradigan ma'lum bir yil sahifasiga kichik paragraf qo'yishga harakat qildik)

Vashington shtatida Sent -Xelens tog'i otildi.

Jon Lennon otib o'ldiriladi.

Mashhur "Pac-Man" video-arcade o'yini chiqarildi.

Ronald Reygan AQSh prezidenti etib saylandi.

Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari 1980 yilda Moskvada bo'lib o'tgan Olimpiadaga boykot e'lon qildi.

Lady Diana Spenser va Uels shahzodasi Charlz turmushga chiqdi.

MTV (Musiqiy televidenie) kabel tarmog'i ishga tushirildi.

OITS virusi AQShda olimlar tomonidan aniqlangan.

Misr prezidenti Anvar Sadat o'ldirilgan.

Sandra Day O'Konnor Prezident Reygan tomonidan Oliy sudning birinchi ayol sudyasi etib tayinlandi.

"Kompyuter" Time jurnali tomonidan yilning odami deb topildi.

Disney World EPCOT (Ertaning eksperimental hamjamiyati) bog'ini ochadi.

Futbol bo'yicha jahon chempionati Ispaniyada bo'lib o'tadi va Italiya chempionlikni qo'lga kiritadi.

Yaponiya birinchi CD -pleerlarini sotishni boshladi.

Kech Rok -n -Roll yulduzi Elvis Preslining "Graceland" uyi diqqatga sazovor joy sifatida tomoshabinlar uchun ochilgan.

Sally Ride kosmosdagi birinchi amerikalik ayolga aylandi.

Motorola 1983 yilda AQShda birinchi mobil telefonlarini taqdim etdi.

Microsoft "Word" so'zlarni qayta ishlash dasturini chiqaradi.

Shveytsariyaning "Swatch" kompaniyasi o'z soatlarini taqdim etadi va ular modaga aylanadi.

I.R.A. Londonning mashhur Harrods do'konini portlatdi.

Pul va inflyatsiya 1980 -yillar

Inflyatsiyani taxmin qilish uchun biz o'n yillikning birinchi yilidagi 100 AQSh dollari qiymatini bugungi pul ekvivalenti bo'yicha ko'rsatma berdik.

Agar sizda 1980 yildan 2021 yilgacha o'zgartirilgan 100 dollar bo'lsa, u bugungi kunda 339,73 dollarga teng bo'ladi

1980 yilda yangi uyning narxi 68 714,00 dollarni, 1989 yilga kelib esa 120,00,00 dollarni tashkil etdi

1980 yilda o'rtacha daromad yiliga 19 170,00 AQSh dollarini, 1989 yilga kelib esa 27 210,00 dollarni tashkil etdi

1980 yilda bir gallon gaz 1,19 dollarni, 1989 yilga kelib esa 97 tsentni tashkil etdi

1980 yilda yangi mashinaning o'rtacha narxi 7 210,00 dollarni, 1989 yilga kelib esa 15 400,00 dollarni tashkil etdi

80 -yillardagi yana bir nechta narxlar va ularning narxi qancha

Nike havo kuchlari basketbol poyabzali $ 54,90

Maxsus uslubdagi ipak bluzka $ 15.99

Rangli monitor bilan Amiga 500, $ 849

Hands Free Operating Car Phone 788 dollar

To'shakli ranzalar - 148 dollar

Cheer kir yuvish vositasi $ 1,59


1980 yil oktyabr oyida tarixiy voqealar

2 oktabr 38 yoshli Muhammad Ali og'ir vazn toifasida yengilmas jahon chempioni Larri Xolmsga qarshi jang qilish uchun 2 yillik nafaqasidan chiqib ketdi.

    Maykl Myers (D-Pa), 100 yildan keyin birinchi marta haydalgan (ABSCAM) 4, Parijdagi ibodatxonaga qilingan hujumda vafot etdi.

Beysbol Yozib olish

4 oktabr Bo'lajak Beysbol Shon-sharaf Zali 3-taymeri Mayk Shmidtning 11-turda Sten Bahnsendan 2 marotaba o'tkazgan homeri Filadelfiyaga 6: 4 hisobida g'alaba qozondi, Monreal va NL Sharq chempionligi Shmidtning 48-mavsumi Eddi Matyusning MLB bo'yicha 3-mavsumdagi rekordini yangiladi. tayanchlar

    ABC shanba kuni futuristik fantaziya multfilmining premyerasi & quot; Barbar tundrasi & quot; Riverdeyldagi Zenshin ibodatxonasining meditatsiya zalining rasmiy ochilish marosimi, Nyu -York shtatining Bronks shtatidagi Avstraliyalik Uilyams shtatining haydovchisi Alan Jons Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Sharqiy Gran -prisida g'olib bo'ldi va 13 ochko bilan Formula 1 bo'yicha Jahon haydovchilari chempionligini qo'lga kiritdi. Braziliyalik Nelson Piquet Guyana konstitutsiyasini qabul qildi

Jinsiy avtomatlarning ajralishi

6 -oktabr, Jon Lydon (aka -uka Jinsiy to'pponchadan Jonni Rotten) hujumda ayblanib, 3 oylik qamoq jazosiga hukm qilindi.

San -Frantsiskodagi Winterland ko'rgazmasida guruhning oxirgi namoyishi paytida jinsiy pistoletlarning basisti Sid Vicious sahnada, 1978 yil 14 yanvar.

Tadbir Qiziqish

8 oktabr Madison Square Garden-da ikkita spektakl o'ynaganidan so'ng, Bob Marli markaziy bog'da yugurib yiqilib, Sloan-Kettering kasalxonasiga olib kelindi.

    Britaniya Leylandi SSSR mini -metro sotishni boshladi va Suriya tinchlik shartnomasini imzoladi SSSR SSSR yadroviy sinovini o'tkazdi, birinchi bank mijozi, Amerika banklari, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari, Noksvill, Tennessi shtati.

Musiqa Mukofotlar

13 oktyabr 14 -chi mamlakat musiqa assotsiatsiyasi mukofoti: Barbara Mandrell, Emmilu Xarris va Jorj Jons g'olib

    Nyu-York shtatining Buffalo shahrida 6 nafar qora tanlilarning tasodifan o'ldirilishi 4: 0 hisobida, "Qirollik klubi" ni mag'lub etish uchun, 7: 6 hisobida WS-ni ochish uchun.

Tadbir Qiziqish

14 oktabr Prezidentlikka nomzod Ronald Reygan AQSh Oliy sudiga ayol nomini berishni va'da qilmoqda


Asosiy voqealar, sport voqealari va 1980 yilgi Nobel mukofotlari - Tarix

Bu sahifaga har yili $ 275 evaziga homiylik qiling. Sizning banneringiz yoki matnli reklamangiz yuqoridagi joyni to'ldirishi mumkin.
Bosing bu erda Homiylik uchun sahifa va reklamangizni qanday zaxiralash.

1980 yil 4 -yanvar - Prezident Jimmi Karter Sovet Ittifoqining Afg'onistonga bostirib kirishi tufayli don va yuqori texnologiyalarni sotishga embargo e'lon qildi.

1980 yil 13 fevral - Nyu -Yorkning Leyk Plasid shahrida 1980 yilgi Qishki Olimpiya o'yinlarining ochilish marosimi bo'lib o'tdi. Eng hayajonli daqiqalardan biri-"Muz ustida mo''jiza", amerikalik xokkeychilar havaskorlari yarim finalda Sovet Ittifoqining professional yulduzlar jamoasini mag'lubiyatga uchratib, Finlyandiya ustidan oltin medalni qo'lga kiritdi. Amerikalik konkida uchuvchi Erik Xayden, shuningdek, 500 metrga yugurishdan 10 000 metrga yugurish musobaqasida konkida uchish bo'yicha barcha beshta medalni qo'lga kiritib, sport tarixidagi eng ajoyib yutuqlardan birini yakunladi.

1980 yil 1 aprel - 1980 yilgi aholini ro'yxatga olish AQShda 226 542 203 kishini tashkil etadi, bu 1970 yilga nisbatan 11,4% ga oshdi. Birinchi marta bir shtatda 20 milliondan ortiq aholi yashagan, Kaliforniya shtatida 23,7 million. G'arbiy migratsiya tendentsiyasi tufayli Missuri hozirda AQShning geografik aholi punktini, Jefferson okrugidagi De Sotodan g'arbiy chorak mil narida joylashgan edi.

1980 yil 12 aprel - AQSh Olimpiya qo'mitasi, 21 -mart kuni prezident Jimmi Karterning iltimosiga javoban, Sovet Ittifoqining Afg'onistondagi ishtiroki davom etayotgani sababli o'z sportchilarini Moskva yozgi Olimpiya o'yinlarida qatnashishdan qaytarish to'g'risida ovoz berdi.

1980 yil 24-25 aprel-AQShning Erondagi elchixonasida garovga olingan amerikaliklarni qutqarishga urinish muvaffaqiyatsiz tugadi, "Burgut panjasi" operatsiyasida sakkiz amerikalik halok bo'ldi va beshtasi yarador bo'ldi.

1980 yil 18 -may - Vashington shtatidagi Sent -Xels tog'i vulqoni otilib, ellik etti kishini o'ldirdi va 3 milliard dollarga yaqin zarar ko'rdi. Hisob -kitoblarga ko'ra, portlash kuchi Xirosima atom bombasidan besh yuz baravar katta.

Xronologiyani sotib oling

Tarix muxlisi uchun ajoyib kitob, Amerika tarixining hikoyasini hikoya qiluvchi ellikta qisqa esse.

1981 yil 20 yanvar - AQShning 40 -prezidenti sifatida Ronald Reyganning inauguratsiyasi Vashingtonda bo'lib o'tdi, undan keyin Tehronda garovda bo'lgan 52 amerikalik ozod qilindi. To'rt yuz qirq to'rt kun davom etgan Eron garov inqirozi muzlatilgan Eronning 8 milliard dollarlik aktivlarini qaytarish uchun olib borildi.

1981 yil 30 -mart - Prezident Ronald Reygan Vashingtondagi limuziniga ketayotganida ko'kragiga otilgan suiqasdga dosh berdi.

1982 yil 8 yanvar - ATT AQSh Adliya vazirligi bilan sud jarayonini yakunladi. Shartnoma ma'lumotlarni qayta ishlash va uskunalarni sotishning taqiqlangan sohalariga kengaytirish evaziga Bell System kompaniyasining yigirma ikkita mintaqaviy kompaniyasini mustaqillikka majbur qildi.

1982 yil 2 -mart - Senat irqiy integratsiyaga erishish uchun avtobuslarni tashish amaliyotini deyarli yo'q qilgan qonun loyihasini qabul qildi.

1983 yil 23 mart - Kiruvchi raketalarni tutish texnologiyasini ishlab chiqish bo'yicha birinchi taklif, Strategik mudofaa tashabbusi dasturi yoki Yulduzli urushlar, Prezident Ronald Reygan tomonidan kiritilgan.

1983 yil 20 aprel - Prezident Reygan Ijtimoiy himoya tizimini bankrotlikdan qutqarish to'g'risidagi qonunni imzoladi.

1983 yil 25 oktyabr - Qo'shma Shtatlarning Grenadaga bostirib kirishi Sharqiy Karib davlatlari tashkilotining iltimosiga binoan marksistik rejimni ag'darish uchun sodir bo'ldi.

1984 yil 7 -fevral - Harbiy -dengiz floti kapitani Bryus Makkandless va armiya podpolkovnigi Robert Styuart to'rt kun oldin boshlangan kosmik parvoz paytida orbitada kosmik kemadan ozod bo'lgan birinchi kosmonavtlar bo'lishdi.

1984 yil 28 -iyul - Los -Anjeles Olimpiya o'yinlarining ochilish marosimi bo'lib o'tdi. Piter Uberrot boshqargan o'yinlar AQShning 1980 yildagi Moskva o'yinlarini boykot qilgani tufayli Sovet Ittifoqining ko'pchilik ittifoqchilari tomonidan boykot qilinganiga qaramay, moliyaviy va AQSh muvaffaqiyatini isbotlaydi.

1984 yil 6 -noyabr - Prezident Ronald Reygan Demokratik partiyaning raqibi Uolter F. Mondeylni qayta saylashda g'alaba qozondi va 1980 yildagi saylovlardan so'ng saylov kollejidagi g'alabasini 525 dan 13 gacha oshirdi.

1985 yil 13 -iyul - Britaniyalik rassom Bob Geldof tomonidan uyushtirilgan va bir vaqtning o'zida London va Filadelfiyada o'tkazilgan ochlikdan qutulish kontserti bir yuz ellik ikki mamlakatda ko'rilmoqda. O'n etti soatlik kontsert Efiopiya va boshqa Afrika xalqlariga yordam berish uchun 70 million dollar yig'di.

1985 yil 20 -noyabr - Kompyuterlar uchun Windows operatsion tizimining birinchi versiyasi chiqarildi.

1986 yil 20 yanvar - Martin Lyuter King kuni rasman birinchi marta AQShda federal bayram sifatida nishonlanadi.

1986 yil 28 yanvar - Florida shtatining Kanaveral burnida ko'tarilgan Challenger kosmik kemasi portlashi oqibatida etti kishi, jumladan Nyu -Xempshir maktabi o'qituvchisi Krista Makoliff halok bo'ldi.

1986 yil 25 may - Besh million odam Amerika bo'ylab qo'llaridagi ochlik va uysizlikka qarshi kampaniyada Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari bo'ylab odamlar zanjirini tashkil qiladi.

1986 yil 18 sentyabr-Sovet Ittifoqi va Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari o'rtasida o'rta masofali raketalarni butun dunyo bo'ylab taqiqlash to'g'risida shartnoma tuzildi. Prezident Reygan Mixail Gorbachyovning "Yulduzli urushlar" raketalarga qarshi mudofaa qalqonini ishlab chiqarishni cheklash haqidagi talabini taslim qilishdan bosh tortganida, bu kelishuv uzoq masofali raketalarni o'z ichiga oladi.

1986 yil 3 -noyabr - Eron -Kontra ishi haqidagi birinchi xabar, qurol sotishdan tushgan pulni Nikaragua kontr -isyonchilarini moliyalashtirish uchun Eronga yo'naltirdi, Reygan davrida eng katta inqiroz boshlandi.

1987 yil 12 -avgust - Eronga qarshi ish bo'yicha eshituvlar tugagandan so'ng, prezident Reygan adashgan siyosatni tan oldi, lekin mablag'larning kontraslarga sarflanishi haqidagi ma'lumotni rad etdi.

1987 yil 19 oktyabr - Nyu -York fond birjasida "Qora dushanba" deb nomlanuvchi fond bozori inqirozi sodir bo'ldi va bir kun ichida rekord darajadagi 22,6% pasayishni qayd etdi. Butun dunyodagi fond bozori inqirozni o'z tomchilari bilan aks ettiradi.

1987 yil 31 -dekabr - Nyu -Meksikodagi El Malpais milliy yodgorligi qonun bilan o'rnatildi. U tabiiy vulqon zonasini, o'n etti millik lava naycha tizimini va Pueblo hind madaniyatidan qolgan qoldiqlarni saqlab qoldi.

1988 yil 3 -fevral - AQSh Vakillar palatasi prezident Reyganning Nikaragua Kontrasini moliyalashtirish uchun 36,25 million dollar talabini rad etdi.

12 aprel, 1988 yil - Genetik muhandislik qilingan hayvon uchun birinchi patent Garvard universiteti tadqiqotchilari Filipp Leder va Timoti Styuartga berildi.

1989 yil 6 yanvar - Mehnat bo'limining o'tgan yilgi iqtisodiy hisobotlarida o'sish sur'ati 3,8%ni tashkil etadi, bu to'rt yillikdagi eng katta ko'rsatkich va ishsizlik darajasi 5,3%, eng pasti - 14 yil.

1989 yil 9 -noyabr - Berlin devori, o'ttiz sakkiz yil davomida shaharning Sharqiy va G'arbiy Germaniya qirg'oqlari o'rtasida transport qatnovini cheklaganidan so'ng, Germaniya fuqarolariga birinchi marta Sharqiy va G'arbiy Germaniya o'rtasida erkin sayohat qilishlariga ruxsat berilgach, qulab tusha boshladi. Bir kun o'tgach, atrofga va devorga olomon oqimi uni demontaj qila boshlaydi va shu bilan uning mavjudligini tugatadi.

Tarixiy foto bombasi


Sally Ride, Amerikaning birinchi ayol-kosmonavti, 1983 yil 18-24 iyun, Challenger kosmik kemasining uchish maydonchasidan NASA bilan hamkorlik qiladi. Foto: AQSh axborot agentligi.

ABH sayohati bo'yicha maslahat


Yo'l bo'ylab sayohat qiling Appalachi izi. Yo'lda yoki yaqinida ko'plab milliy bog'lar va boshqa tarixiy joylar bor. Kimdan Acadia milliy bog'i Meynda Harper Feribot milliy tarixiy bog'i G'arbiy Virjiniyada, shuningdek, boshqa fuqarolar urushi joylari, Gruziyaga qadar. Shunday qilib, siz piyoda yurishingiz, tarixga tashrif buyurishingiz va tabiat va go'zallikni ko'rishingiz mumkin.


Prezident Reygan Berlin devorida. Milliy arxivlar ruxsati bilan.

Rasmiy esdalik sovg'alariAmerikaning eng yaxshi tarixi



Fuqarolik huquqlari olami Vashington, Kolumbiya okrugi Vashington yodgorligini o'rab oling. 1963 yil 28 -avgust. Milliy arxiv izni bilan.

Vaqt chizig'i tarixi


Endi Kindle, Nook yoki pdf formatida raqamli formatni qidirish oson. Shuningdek, qog'oz varaqchasida ham keladi.


1980 -yillar tarixi xronologiyasi bilan vaqtga qayting

1980 -yillar davomida juda ko'p voqealar sodir bo'ldi - eslab qolish uchun juda ko'p narsa. Vaqtga qayting va 1980 -yillardagi Reagan va Rubik kublari davrini eslang.

O'n yillikning birinchi yili siyosiy dramalar, kabel televideniesi va biz qo'limizdan ushlab tura olmaydigan o'yinlar uchun esda qolarli bo'ldi. O'yinlar Pac-Man deb nomlangan yangi video o'yinini o'ynayotgan odamlar bilan tiqilib qoldi. O'sha dastlabki o'yinchilarning ba'zilari ham rangli Rubik kubogi bilan o'ynashi mumkin.

22 fevral: AQSh Olimpiya xokkey jamoasi Nyu -York, Leyk -Pleysidda bo'lib o'tgan Qishki Olimpiada o'yinlarida Sovet Ittifoqini yarim finalda mag'lub etdi.

27 aprel: Media magistoni Ted Tyorner (1938 yilda tug'ilgan) birinchi 24 soatlik kabelli yangiliklar tarmog'i bo'lgan CNN tashkil etilganligini e'lon qiladi.

28 aprel: AQSh 1979 yil noyabr oyidan buyon Eronda saqlanayotgan amerikaliklarni qutqarishga urinmoqda.

18 may: Vashington shtatida Sent -Xelens tog'i otilib chiqib, 50 dan ortiq odamni o'ldirdi.

21 may: "Imperiya orqaga qaytadi", o'nlab yillar davom etgan "Yulduzli urushlar" franshizasidagi ikkinchi film, kinoteatrlarda namoyish etiladi.

22 may: Pac-Man video o'yini Yaponiyada, keyin esa AQShda oktyabr oyida chiqariladi.

21 oktyabr: Filadelfiya Filislari Kanzas -Siti Qirollik klubini mag'lubiyatga uchratib, olti o'yinda Jahon chempionligini qo'lga kiritdi.

21 noyabr: Dunyo bo'ylab rekord darajadagi 350 million odam "Dallas" telekanalini tomosha qilib, J.R. Ewing qahramonini kim suratga olganini bilib oldi.

8 -dekabr: Qo'shiqchi Jon Lennon Nyu -Yorkdagi kvartirasi oldida jinni odam tomonidan o'ldirilgan.

1981 yilga kelib, uylar va ofislar yangi texnologiyalarga moslasha boshladi. Agar sizda kabel televideniyasi bo'lsa, siz MTVni avgustda efirga uzatilgandan keyin ko'rgandirsiz. Va ish joyida, yozuv mashinkalari IBMdan shaxsiy kompyuter deb nomlangan narsaga yo'l ocha boshladi.

20 yanvar: Eron Tehronda 444 kun ushlab turilgan 52 amerikalikni ozod qildi.

30 mart: Aqldan ozgan muxlis prezident Ronald Reyganga suiqasd qilib, Reyganni, matbuot kotibi Jeyms Bredi (1940–2014) va politsiyachini yaraladi.

12 aprel: Kolumbiya kosmik kemasi birinchi marta uchirildi.

13 may: Vatikanda qotil Papa Ioann Pol II (1920–2005) ni otib tashladi va uni yaraladi.

5 iyun: Kasalliklarni nazorat qilish markazi keyinchalik OITS (orttirilgan immunitet tanqisligi sindromi) virusi bilan kasallangan erkaklarning birinchi rasmiy hisobotini e'lon qiladi.

1 avgust: Musiqiy televidenie yoki MTV, yarim kechadan so'ng, cheksiz musiqiy video sifatida efirga uzatila boshlaydi.

12 avgust: IBM IBM Model 5150 - birinchi shaxsiy kompyuter.

19 avgust: Sandra Day O'Konnor (1930 yilda tug'ilgan) Oliy sudda birinchi ayol sudyaga aylanadi.

29 iyul: Buyuk Britaniya shahzodasi Charlz Diana Spenserga to'y o'tkazdi, u jonli efirda namoyish etildi.

6 oktyabr: Misr Prezidenti Anvar Sadat (1981–1981) Qohirada o'ldirilgan.

12 noyabr: Angliya cherkovi ayollarga ruhoniy sifatida xizmat qilishga ruxsat berish uchun ovoz beradi.

1982 yildagi eng katta yangilik - bu yangilik USA Todayo'zining rang -barang grafikasi va qisqa maqolalari bilan butun mamlakat bo'ylab birinchi gazeta sifatida sarlavhalar yozdi.

7 yanvar: Commodore 64 shaxsiy kompyuteri Las -Vegasdagi Consumer Electronics Show ko'rgazmasida namoyish etildi. Bu barcha davrlarda eng ko'p sotiladigan yagona kompyuter modeli bo'ladi.

2 aprel: Argentina qo'shinlari Britaniyaga qarashli Folklend orollariga kelib, ikki davlat o'rtasida Folklend urushini boshladi.

1 may: Butunjahon ko'rgazmasi Tennessi shtatining Noksvill shahrida boshlanadi.

11 iyun: Rejissor Stiven Spilbergning "E.T. Erdan tashqari" filmi ochiladi va darhol blokbasterga aylanadi.

14 iyun: Argentina Folklenddagi quruqlikda ikki oylik jangdan so'ng taslim bo'ldi.

15 sentyabr: Muharrir Al Noyxart (1924–2013) umummilliy "USA Today" gazetasining birinchi nashrini chiqaradi.

13 noyabr: Arxitektor Mayya Linning Vetnam urushi memoriali Vashingtonda Milliy yodgorlik sifatida tashkil etilgan.

30 noyabr: 24 yoshli pop-yulduz Maykl Jekson o'zining eng ko'p sotilgan "Triller" albomini chiqardi.

1 oktyabr: Uolt Disney (1901–1966) kompaniyasi Floridadagi Uolt Disney dunyosidan keyin ikkinchi tematik parki bo'lgan EPCOT markazini (ertangi tajriba prototiplar jamiyati) ochadi.

2 dekabr: Amerikalik kardiojarroh Uilyam DeVrays (1943 yilda tug'ilgan), dunyodagi birinchi doimiy sun'iy yurak Jarvik 7 ni Sietl stomatologi Barney Klarkning ko'kragiga joylashtirdi - u yana 112 kun tirik qoladi. .

Internet paydo bo'lgan yili, shuningdek, vulqon otilishi va samolyot fojialari kosmosdagi birinchi ayol va o'sha dam olish mavsumida karam yamog'i bolalarining aqldan ozganini ko'rdi.

1 -yanvar: Internet ARPAnet TCP/IP protokollarini qabul qilganida paydo bo'ladi, bu esa har xil turdagi kompyuterlar tarmog'i o'rtasida ma'lumot almashish imkonini beradi.

2 yanvar: Gavayidagi eng yosh vulqon - Kilauea tog'i, Puu Ō ō otilishining boshlanishi bo'lib, u lava favvoralarining chiqishini to'xtatmaydi va 2018 yilgacha oqadi, bu vulqonning yoriq zonasidan eng uzun va eng katta hajmli lavaning oqishi.

28 fevral: 11 yil va 256 qismdan so'ng, Koreya urushi paytida AQShning "MASH" teleseriali tugaydi, uni 106 milliondan ortiq odam tomosha qiladi.

25 may: Spilbergning "Yulduzli urushlar" trilogiyasiga uchinchi kirishi "Jedining qaytishi" kinoteatrlarda ochiladi.

18 iyun: Sally Ride (1951–2012) Challenger kosmik kemasining ikkinchi reysida to'rt kishi bilan birga kosmosdagi birinchi amerikalik ayolga aylandi.

23 oktyabr: Livanning Beyrut shahridagi AQSh dengiz piyodalari kazarmasi terrorchi tomonidan bombardimon qilindi, 241 harbiy xizmatchi halok bo'ldi.

25 oktyabr: AQSh qo'shinlari Ronald Reygan buyrug'i bilan Karib dengizidagi Grenada oroliga bostirib kirdi. Mojaro bir hafta davom etadi.

1 sentyabr: Nyu-Yorkdan Seulga (KAL-007) parvoz qilgan Korean Air Lines aviakompaniyasi sovet havo hududiga chiqib ketgan, Sovet Su-15 tutqichi tomonidan urib tushirilgan, bortda bo'lganlarning barchasi, 246 yo'lovchi va 23 ekipaj halok bo'lgan.

2 noyabr: Prezident Ronald Reygan Martin Lyuter Kingning tug'ilgan kunini federal bayram sifatida belgilaydigan qonunni imzoladi, 1986 yil 20 -yanvar.

Saraevodagi Olimpiada, Hindistonda bosh vazirning o'ldirilishi va Maykl Jeksonning oyda yurishi 1984 yilda nishonlangan voqealardan biridir.

1 -yanvar: Bell System deb nomlanuvchi AT & ampT bir qator mintaqaviy telefon kompaniyalariga bo'linib, monopoliyasini tugatdi.

8 fevral: XIV Qishki Olimpiya o'yinlari Yugoslaviyaning Saraevo shahrida ochilmoqda, hozirgacha Qo'shilmaslik harakati a'zosi va musulmonlar ko'p bo'lgan shahar mezbonlik qilayotgan yagona Olimpiada.

25 mart: Pop qo'shiqchisi Maykl Jekson birinchi marta may oyida MTV mukofotida namoyish etilgan Pasadena fuqarolik auditoriyasida oyda yurdi.

4 -iyun: Xonanda Bryus Springstin o'zining "Born in the USA" albomini chiqardi.

28 iyul: Kaliforniya shtatining Los -Anjeles shahrida yozgi Olimpiada ochildi, u erda Karl Lyuis yengil atletika bo'yicha to'rtta oltin medalni qo'lga kiritdi.

1 iyul: Filmlar uchun "PG-13" reytingi Amerika kino assotsiatsiyasi tomonidan qo'llaniladigan mavjud reyting sinflariga qo'shiladi va birinchi bo'lib Jon Miliusning "Qizil tong" filmiga qo'llaniladi.

26 sentyabr: Buyuk Britaniya 1997 yilda Gonkong nazoratini Xitoyga topshirishga rozi.

31 oktyabr: Hindiston bosh vaziri Indira Gandi (1917–1984) uning ikki qo'riqchisi tomonidan otib o'ldirilgan, bu suiqasddan so'ng, to'rt kun davom etgan anti-sikx qo'zg'olonlarida minglab hindular o'ldirilgan.

6 noyabr: Prezident Ronald Reygan demokrat Uolter Mondeylni mag'lub etib, ikkinchi muddatga saylanadi.

2-3 dekabr: Hindistonning Bhopal shahridagi Union Carbide pestitsidlar zavodidagi saqlash tanki oqadi va metil izosiyanatni atrofdagi odamlarga to'kib yuboradi, natijada 3000-6000 kishi halok bo'ladi.

28 yanvar: Maykl Jekson va Lionel Richi tomonidan yozilgan "We Are the World" deb nomlangan R & ampB singlini 45 dan ortiq amerikalik qo'shiqchilar yozib olishgan va ular Afrikadagi odamlarni boqish uchun 75 million dollar yig'ishmoqchi.

4 mart: AQSh Oziq -ovqat va farmatsevtika idorasi OITSga olib keladigan virusni aniqlash uchun birinchi qon testini ma'qulladi.

11 mart: Mixail Gorbachyov (1931 yilda tug'ilgan) SSSRning yangi etakchisiga aylanadi va mamlakatni bir qator yangi siyosatda boshqaradi, shu jumladan hukumatning konsultativ uslubi. glasnost va iqtisodiy va siyosiy qayta qurish qayta qurish.

23 aprel: Coca-Cola kompaniyasi 99 yillik sobiq sodali suvning o'rnini bosuvchi "Yangi kola" ni taqdim etadi va bu mashhur muvaffaqiyatsizlikni isbotlaydi.

14 iyun: Qohiradan San -Diyegoga uchadigan TWA 847 -reysini terrorchilar o'g'irlab ketishdi va ular 30 -iyungacha bir yo'lovchini o'ldirib, boshqalarini garovda ushlab turishdi.

23 iyun: Air India 182 -reysi Irlandiya qirg'og'ida terrorchi bomba bilan vayron bo'lgan. Bortda bo'lgan 329 kishining barchasi halok bo'lgan.

3 iyul: "Kelajakka qaytish", o'smir Marti Makfli va vaqtini sayohat qiladigan DeLorean haqidagi ilmiy-fantastik trilogiyaning birinchi premyerasi bo'lib, yilning eng daromadli filmiga aylanadi.

1 sentyabr: Sovuq urush paytida ikkita halokatga uchragan yadroviy suv osti kemasini qidirish paytida, amerikalik okeanolog Robert Ballard va uning hamkasblari 1912 yilda cho'kib ketgan "Titanik" hashamatli laynerining qoldiqlarini topdilar.

18 oktyabr: Nintendo Entertainment System AQShda debyut qildi.

28 yanvar: Kosmosga 9 -missiyasi yo'lida "Challenger" kemasi Kanaveral burnida portlab, bortdagi barcha etti astronavtni, shu jumladan fuqarolik ijtimoiy o'qituvchisi Krista Makoliffni ham o'ldirdi.

9 fevral: Halley kometasi Quyosh tizimiga 76 yillik davriy tashrifida quyoshga eng yaqin yondashadi.

20 fevral: Sovet Ittifoqi "Mir" kosmik stansiyasini ishga tushirdi, bu keyingi o'n yil davomida orbitada yig'iladigan birinchi modulli kosmik stansiya.

25 fevral: Filippin prezidenti Ferdinand Markos 20 yillik hokimiyatdan so'ng surgunga majbur.

14 mart: Microsoft Nyu -York fond birjasida aktsiyalarni birlamchi sotish bilan e'lon qiladi.

26 aprel: Bugungi kunga qadar eng halokatli atom elektr stantsiyasi avariyasi Ukrainaning Chernobil shahri tashqarisida yuz berdi va radioaktiv materialni butun Evropaga tarqatdi.

25 may: Amerika bo'ylab qo'llar ochlik va uysizlikka qarshi kurashish uchun pul yig'ish uchun Nyu -Yorkdan Kaliforniyagacha inson zanjiri tuzishga harakat qilmoqda.

8 sentyabr: "Opra Uinfri shousi" sindikatli nutqi butun mamlakat bo'ylab efirga uzatiladi.

28 oktyabr: Keng ko'lamli ta'mirdan so'ng, Ozodlik haykali o'zining yuz yilligini nishonlamoqda.

3 noyabr: Nikaraguada 50 ming avtomat olib ketayotgan transport kemasi urib tushirildi, bu Amerika jamoatchiligiga Eron-Kontra qurol savdosi haqidagi birinchi ogohlantirish. Navbatdagi janjal keyingi ikki yil davom etadi.

8 yanvar: Dow Jones sanoatining o'rtacha ko'rsatkichi o'z tarixida birinchi marta 2000 dan oshadi va keyingi 10 oy ichida yangi rekordlarni o'rnatishda davom etadi.

20 yanvar: Livanning Beyrut shahrida Anglikan cherkovining maxsus vakili Terri Uayt o'g'irlab ketilgan. U 1991 yilgacha saqlanadi.

16 fevral: AQSh bozorida ikkinchi o'rinda turadigan Dow Jones indeksi 200 taga etdi

9 mart: U2 o'zining "Joshua Tree" albomini chiqaradi.

11 may: Frantsiyaning Lion shahrida fashistlarning "Lion qassobi" Nikolaus "Klaus" Barbi (1913–1991) ustidan sud majlisi boshlanadi.

12 may: "Iflos raqs", rejissyor Emele Ardolinoning 1960 -yillardagi Katskill kurortlariga nostaljik qaytishi, Kann kinofestivalida premyerasi bo'lib, 21 avgustda AQShda namoyish etiladi.

28 may: Yosh nemis aviatori Matias Rust (1968 y.t.), Moskvaning Qizil maydoniga noqonuniy qo'nishni amalga oshirdi.

12 iyun: Prezident Ronald Reygan G'arbiy Berlini ziyorat qilib, rahbar Mixail Gorbachyovni 1961 yildan buyon shaharni ajratib turgan Berlin devorini "buzib tashlashga" chaqiradi.

15 iyul: Tayvan 38 yillik harbiy holatni tugatdi.

17 avgust: Sobiq fashist Rudolf Xess Berlindagi qamoqxonasida o'z joniga qasd qildi.

12 oktyabr: Britaniyalik pop qo'shiqchi Jorj Maykl o'zining "Faith" debyut albomini chiqardi.

19 oktyabr: "Qora dushanba" deb nomlanadigan kunlarda, Dow Jones to'satdan va kutilmaganda 22,6%ga pasayadi.

28 sentyabr: "Star Trek: Keyingi avlod" ning birinchi qismi, original serialning ikkinchi davomi, AQSh bo'ylab mustaqil stantsiyalarda namoyish etiladi.

18 fevral: Entoni Kennedi (1937 yilda tug'ilgan va Reygan nomzodi) Oliy sudda adliya assotsiatsiyasi sifatida qasamyod qilgan.

15 may: Sovet qo'shinlari to'qqiz yillik qurolli to'qnashuvlardan so'ng Afg'onistondan chiqib keta boshladi.

3 iyul: USS Vincennes, Iran Airlines 655-reysli yo'lovchi samolyotini F-14 Tomcat deb adashtirib, bortdagi 290 kishining barchasini o'ldirdi.

11 -avgust: Usama bin Ladin (1957–2011) Al -Qoidani tashkil qiladi.

22 avgust: 8 yil va 1 milliondan ortiq odam o'lganidan so'ng, Eron BMT vositachiligidagi sulhni qabul qilganida Eron-Iroq urushi tugaydi.

9 oktyabr: Endryu Lloyd Vebberning "Opera hayolati" Brodveyda ochiladi, bosh rolda Maykl Krouford.

8 -noyabr: Jorj Bush (1924–2018) Demokratik raqibi Maykl Dukakisni (1933 yilda tug'ilgan) eng yaxshi deb tan oldi va 41 -chi prezident bo'ldi, bu Respublikachilar partiyasining ketma -ket uchinchi g'alabasi.

1 dekabr: Har yili Butunjahon OITSga qarshi kurash kuni o'tkaziladi.

21 dekabr: Pan Am 103-reysi Shotlandiyaning Lokerbi shahrida portladi, bortdagi 259 kishi va 11 kishi halok bo'ldi.

7 yanvar: Yaponiya imperatori Xiroxito vafot etdi va 62 yillik hukmronligini tugatdi.

20 yanvar: Jorj Bush prezident lavozimiga kirishdi.

24 mart: Exxon Valdez neft oluvchisi Alyaskaning shahzodasi Uilyam Sondda, Alyaskaning qirg'oq chizig'ining yuzlab kilometrlarini buzib tashladi.

18 aprel: Talabalar Pekindan o'tib, Tyananmen maydoniga o'tib, demokratik hukumat tuzilishini talab qilmoqdalar.

4 iyun: Bir necha oylik tinch, ammo kuchaygan noroziliklardan so'ng, Xitoy qo'shinlari Tyananmen maydonida tinch aholi va talabalarni o'qqa tutdi, noma'lum odamlarni o'ldirdi va namoyishlarni to'xtatdi.

10 avgust: General Kolin Pauell Bosh shtab boshliqlari boshlig'i lavozimiga nomzod qilib ko'rsatildi va bu lavozimni egallagan birinchi afro-amerikalik bo'ldi.

14 avgust: Sega Genesis AQShda chiqarildi.

9 -noyabr: Berlin devori Sharqiy Germaniya hukumati chegara punktlari ochiq ekanligini e'lon qilganidan keyin qulaydi. Kutilmagan bayram butun dunyo bo'ylab televidenie orqali namoyish etildi.


1980 yil sport

Beysbol 1980 yilda juda zo'r bo'lgan, hech qachon "hech qachon munosabat" demang, kelgusi yilgacha kuting, va#8221, albatta, o'z samarasini berdi. 1950 yildan buyon hatto bayroqchani ham qo'lga kiritmagan Filadelfiya Phillies birinchi marta Jahon seriyasini yutdi.

1980 yilda Philadelphia Phillies kupasi Stiv Karlton 24-9 rekord, 3.11 ERA va 286 ta zarba bilan NL Cy Young mukofotiga sazovor bo'ldi.

AL Cy Young g'olibi 25 yoshli rekord, 3.23 ERA va 149 ta zarba to'plagan 10 yillik faxriysi Stiv Stoun edi.

MVP mukofotlari "Qirollik uyi" (AL) dan Jorj Brettga va Philliesdan (NL) Mayk Shmidtga berildi. Bu MVPlarning ikkalasi ham bo'lajak Shon -sharaf zalining a'zolari edi.

1980 yilda to'rt kishi Shon -sharaf zaliga kiritildi: RF Al Kaline, RF Chuck Klein, CF Dyuk Snider va ijrochi Tom Yawkey.

BASKETBOL (havaskor)

1980 yil har xil #1 jamoalar yili bo'ldi. Kentukki, mavsum oldidan favoritlar, birinchi o'yinda xafa bo'lishdi. Indiana was then #1 until their star forward, Mike Woodson, got hurt. Duke was #1 until after Christmas, when they were upset. Then DePaul was first, until they lost in the 2nd round of the playoffs.

In the finals, underdogs UCLA played against Louisville. UCLA had been the 2nd to last team invited, yet blew their way through their opponents. Louisville, on the other hand, won the Metro Seven Conference title, and played their way to the Final. UCLA did quite well during most of the game, but later made too many mistakes. In the final 32 seconds, Louisville went on a rally, scoring 9 unanswered points, winning the NCAA Championship game.

BASKETBALL (PROFESSIONAL)

In an exciting finish to the season, the Los Angeles Lakers won the Championship Finals in 6 games. Their opponents, the Philadelphia 76ers, had beaten the Celtics, who were best in the league.

Kareem Abdul-Jabbar was hurt in the fifth game, spraining his ankle after scoring 40 points. His replacement for game six was Earvin “Magic” Johnson, a star rookie.

Johnson, who was smaller, younger, and weaker than the 76ers center Darryl Dawkins, was not expected to play very well. But play he did, scoring 42 points, 15 rebounds, and 7 assists. Just a rookie, Magic Johnson had led his team to victory in the final game, and was named the playoff MVP.

1980 was a year for young talent. Magic was great, but didn’t win the Rookie of the Year Award. That went to the Boston Celtics’ Larry Bird.

Inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1980 were Jerry West, Oscar P. Robertson, and Jerry R. Lucas.

Muhammad Ali came back to boxing for one last bout in 1980, at age 38. Ali, knocked out for the first time, was beaten by Larry Holmes, and proved that Ali was no longer “the greatest.”

The heavyweight title was decided in two fights, with three contenders. First, undefeated John Tate was mere seconds away from the title when he was knocked out by Mike Weaver. Next, Mike Weaver was challenged by Gerrie Coetzee of South Africa. Weaver knocked out Coetzee in 13 rounds, and was declared heavyweight champion of the World.

The welterweight title went to Roberto Duran, after beating an undefeated “Sugar Ray” Leonard. In the first fight of two, Duran beat Leonard in a classic fight. In the rematch, Leonard and Duran went eight rounds, but Duran quit, complaining of stomach cramps.

FOOTBALL (AMATEUR)

The Heisman Award went to George Rogers of the South Carolina Gamecocks.

By the end of the season, the Georgia Bulldogs were declared the #1 team by the AP Poll. They went on to win the Sugar Bowl 17-10 against #7 Notre Dame.

#2 Florida State lost to #4 Oklahoma in the Orange Bowl, 18-17.

In the Rose Bowl, #5 Michigan overcame #16 Washington, 23-6.

The Cotton Bowl saw the defeat of #6 Baylor vs. #9 Alabama, 30-2.

In the Gator Bowl, #3 Pittsburgh trumped #18 South Carolina, 37-9.

Pre-season favorite OSU, now #11, lost to #10 Penn State, 31-19.

#8 Nebraska topped #17 Mississippi in the Sun Bowl, 31-17.

FOOTBALL (PROFESSIONAL)

To make it to Super Bowl XV, the Raiders had to play in multiple playoff games, first against the Cleveland Browns. They won that game on a final play by the Browns, now known as Red Right 88. The Raiders intercepted the Browns pass in the end zone to win the game.

The Raiders also won the AFC Championship game against the San Diego Chargers, 34-27.

In the NFC, the Dallas Cowboys won the Wild Card playoff game, and won against Atlanta in the Divisional Playoffs. Philadelphia ended Minnesota’s season in the Divisional Playoffs, 31-16.

In the NFC Championship, Philadelphia held Dallas to 7 points, defeating them, 20-7.

In an exciting end to the season, the Wild Card Oakland Raiders defeated the Phiadelphia Eagles in Super Bowl XV, 27-10.

SUMMER OLYMPICS

The 1980 Summer Olympics, hosted by the Soviet Union in Moscow, were boycotted by many athletes and their countries. Led by Jimmy Carter and the U.S., sixty-five countries refused to participate in protest of Russia’s invasion of Afghanistan. As a result, only 80 countries participated.

However, the Games weren’t necessarily boring. More records were broken in 1980 than the previous Summer Olympics in Montreal. Over 100 records were broken in all including 36 World records, 39 European records and 74 Olympic records.

In the end, the top 3 countries scored as following: #1 (Host) Soviet Union with 80 Gold medals, 69 Silver medals, and 46 Bronze medals #2 East Germany with 47 Gold medals, 37 Silver medals, and 42 Bronze medals #3 Bulgaria with 8 Gold medals, 16 Silver medals, and 17 Bronze medals.

WINTER OLYMPICS

The 1980 Winter Olympics, hosted by the United States in Lake Placid, New York, were attended by 37 countries around the world. Even though Jimmy Carter had boycotted the Summer Olympics, the Soviet Union and Communist countries still attended the Winter Games.

In the U.S. highlight of the Games, the U.S. Hockey team beat the Soviet Union in an unprecedented victory. Now known as the “Miracle On Ice”, the U.S. scored the winning goal in the medal round with just five seconds left, 4-3.

U.S. speed skater Eric Heiden won all five of the available Gold medals in speedskating. To this day, Heiden is the only Winter Olympian to win 5 Gold medals in one Games.

At the conclusion of these Games, the top 3 countries scored as following: #1 Soviet Union with 10 Gold medals, 6 Silver medals, and 6 Bronze medals #2 East Germany 9 Gold medals, 7 Silver medals, and 7 Bronze medals #3 United States with 6 Gold medals, 4 Silver medals, and 2 Bronze medals.


The 1980s: Popular Culture

In some respects, the popular culture of the 1980s reflected the era&aposs political conservatism. For many people, the symbol of the decade was the "yuppie": a baby boomer with a college education, a well-paying job and expensive taste. Many people derided yuppies for being self-centered and materialistic, and surveys of young urban professionals across the country showed that they were, indeed, more concerned with making money and buying consumer goods than their parents and grandparents had been. However, in some ways yuppiedom was less shallow and superficial than it appeared. Popular television shows like “thirtysomething” and movies like “The Big Chill” and 𠇋right Lights, Big City” depicted a generation of young men and women who were plagued with anxiety and self-doubt. They were successful, but they weren&apost sure they were happy.

At the movie theater, the 1980s was the age of the blockbuster. Movies like 𠇎.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial,” “Return of the Jedi,” “Raiders of the Lost Ark” and �verly Hills Cop” appealed to moviegoers of all ages and made hundreds of millions of dollars at the box office. The 1980s was also the heyday of the teen movie. Films like “The Breakfast Club,” “Some Kind of Wonderful” and “Pretty in Pink” are still popular today.

At home, people watched family sitcoms like “The Cosby Show,” �mily Ties,” “Roseanne” and “Married. with Children.” They also rented movies to watch on their new VCRs. By the end of the 1980s, 60 percent of American television owners got cable service𠄺nd the most revolutionary cable network of all was MTV, which made its debut on August 1, 1981. The music videos the network played made stars out of bands like Duran Duran and Culture Club and made megastars out of artists like Michael Jackson (1958-2009), whose elaborate "Thriller" video helped sell 600,000 albums in the five days after its first broadcast. MTV also influenced fashion: People across the country (and around the world) did their best to copy the hairstyles and fashions they saw in music videos. In this way, artists like Madonna (1958-) became (and remain) fashion icons.

As the decade wore on, MTV also became a forum for those who went against the grain or were left out of the yuppie ideal. Rap artists such as Public Enemy channeled the frustration of urban African Americans into their powerful album “It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back.” Heavy metal acts such as Metallica and Guns N’ Roses also captured the sense of malaise among young people, particularly young men. Even as Reagan maintained his popularity, popular culture continued to be an arena for dissatisfaction and debate throughout the 1980s.


Kailash Satyarthi

Kailash Satyarthi was born in the Vidisha district of Madhya Pradesh in India. After completing an electrical engineering degree, he worked as a teacher in the area. In 1980, he left teaching and founded the organization Bachpan Bachao Andolan, which has freed thousands of children from slave-like conditions. He has also been active in a wide range of other organizations working against child labor and for children's rights to education. Kailash Satyarthi is married and has a son and a daughter.

Much of the world's population, especially in poor countries, is made up of children and young people. To achieve a peaceful world, it is crucial that the rights of children and young people be respected. Following the tradition of Mahatma Gandhi, Indian activist Kailash Satyarthi has waged a peaceful struggle to stop children being exploited as labor instead of attending school. He has also contributed to the development of international conventions on the rights of children.

To cite this section
MLA style: Kailash Satyarthi – Facts. NobelPrize.org. Nobel Prize Outreach AB 2021. Fri. 18 Jun 2021. <https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/peace/2014/satyarthi/facts/>

Batafsil ma'lumot

Nobel Prizes 2020

Twelve laureates were awarded a Nobel Prize in 2020, for achievements that have conferred the greatest benefit to humankind.

Their work and discoveries range from the formation of black holes and genetic scissors to efforts to combat hunger and develop new auction formats.


Sporting Highlights for 1980

Here are some of the sporting highlights in the world of sport for 1980. The major events of this year in sport were the Summer and Winter Olympic Games.

It was the year of the Olympics and it is most notable for the boycott of the United States. The ex-Soviet Union would do the same, boycotting the following Olympics in Los Angeles. In the Winter Olympics, the United States hockey team's gold medal win stands out as the most memorable event. The game against the ex-Soviet Union, was termed as "Miracle on Ice", and still stands dear to many Americans. The other most notable achievement was also by an American, Eric Heiden, who won all five speedskating races. He, to this date remains as the only skater to have won five gold medals in the Winter Olympics.

Rosie Ruiz, can easily be called the best cheat of all-time. She was initially declared as the winner on the Boston marathon in the fastest time ever by a women. Investigations found that she did not run the entire course, and her win was disqualified eight days later. There are several theories about how she found herself on the finish line, but to this date, Rosie maintains that she really completed the race.

Bjorn Borg won both the French Open and the Wimbledon for the third straight time. John McEnroe defended his US Open title by defeating Borg in the finals. Chris Evert won the French Open and the Wimbledon for her 10th and 11th grand slam titles.

In the 67th Tour de France, Bernard Hinault was on his way for his third straight win but unfortunately pulled out of the race because of tendinitis. Joop Zoetemelk of Netherlands took home the race that year.

Below is a timeline of some significant results in the world of sport for the year 1980.

Sana Results
Fevral Super Bowl held in Pasadena won by Pittsburgh
Feb 14-23 Winter Olympic Games were held in Lake Placid, USA
Aprel Golf Masters won by Seve Ballesteros (1st win)
May Tennis French Open won by Bjorn Borg and Chris Evert Lloyd
Iyun Golf US Open won by Jack Nicklaus
Iyul the Cycling Tour de France won by Joop Zoetemelk
Iyul Tennis Wimbledon won by Bjorn Borg and Evonne Cawley
Iyul Golf British Open won by Tom Watson
July 19 - Aug 3 Summer Olympic Games were held in Moscow, USSR
Avgust Golf US PGA won by Jack Nicklaus (5)
Sentyabr Tennis US Open won by John McEnroe and Chris Evert Lloyd
Oktyabr The Baseball World Series won by Philadelphia Phillies
Dekabr Tennis Australia Open won by Brian Teacher and Hana Mandlikova

Please note that the dates for past events are not always known, and are sometimes just placed in the month that the current event is held. If no exact date is listed, then it is just an estimated month that it was held.

If you have a correction or know of events that should be included here, please let me know.


Great 1980s Sports Moments Book

Great 1980s Sports Moments is a sweeping work of nostalgia by one who grew up amidst it. A detailed year-by-year walk through a historic decade in sports will recall both epic moments that still seem like they happened yesterday, as well as those time may have forgot. You’ll read about the following…

There were the generation-defining moments and rivalries that have lived on through the ages…

*The Miracle On Ice moment that kicked the 1980s off at the Winter Olympics. Read how the United States’ men’s hockey team shocked the world and how their victory captivated a nation.

*Larry Bird & Magic Johnson arrived and the NBA would never be the same. Along with Julius “Dr. J” Erving early in the decade and the Bad Boy Detroit Pistons at the end, Bird and Magic shaped professional basketball.

*A dramatic NFC Championship Game between the Dallas Cowboys and San Francisco 49ers proved to be more than just a great football game with a title on the line—it ended up a seminal moment that signaled the rise of one dynasty and the fall of another.

*March Madness came into its own with a series of great national championship games. Read about them all, from the game-winning shots by Michael Jordan and Keith Smart, to the thrilling upsets by N.C. State and Villanova, to the individual greatness of Danny Manning.

*The baseball postseason of 1986. The ALCS and NLCS rounds were both taut battles that left players and fans drained. But the drama was just beginning, with an iconic World Series matchup whose signature moment continues to be replayed in video montages.

*The greatness of Martina Navratilova on the tennis court and her rivalry with Chris Evert Lloyd—especially a special 1985 showdown in the French Open final that lives on as one of tennis’ greatest moments.

*Three historic college football games involving the Miami Hurricanes. Read about their Orange Bowl upset of Nebraska in 1983. Three years later the Hurricanes were on the wrong side of a historic upset, against Penn State in the Fiesta Bowl. The decade ends with their rivalry against Notre Dame and the thrilling “Catholics vs. Convicts” battle of 1988.

*Memorable NFL playoff games, from the Epic In Miami to The Drive & The Fumble.

Great 1980s Sports Moments also includes more under-the-radar moments, whose legacies may not have survived their local area. Younger fans may not have heard of them, fans who lived through them may have forgotten. But they mattered. Moments like these…

*The greatest League Championship Series ever played. It wasn’t in 1986.

*Black Saturday in September of 1981. A series of upsets not only rocked the polls, but they signaled the college football world was changing.

*The best NFL Divisional round of the weekend. It wasn’t one that contained any of the decade’s most historic individual moments. But it provided the most consistent excitement over four games.

*The best NCAA Tournament regional round of the Sweet Sixteen and Elite Eight—not just in this decade, but ever.

*Great baseball pennant races, a forgotten one-game showdown, more World Series memories…and controversies.

*Moments from The Masters and on through golf’s four major tournaments.

*History-making Kentucky Derby wins and a Preakness Stakes that one broadcasting icon called “the greatest horse race I’ve ever seen.”

Great 1980s Sports Moments is a sweeping look at an entire decade, both comprehensive and concise, that is a must-have for the library of any serious reader of books about sports.

WHERE CAN I ORDER?

Siz .. qila olasiz; siz ... mumkin olmoq Great 1980s Sports Moments on Amazon:
*The print version goes for $14.95
*The e-book is $11.95
*An audio version is available for Audible subscribers.

THE ERA: 1978-88 IN MLB, CFB & NFL

Go deep into the heart of the 1978-88 era in baseball, college football and the NFL. TheSportsNotebook has individual articles on the most consequential teams from that time period, from their key players to their season-defining moments. Click the images below to be taken into the library and back to another era.


Mayo Clinic History & Heritage

"My Brother and I" bronze figures, Rochester, Minn.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt with the Mayo brothers, 1934

Mayo Clinic ambulance at the Colonial Hospital, 1915

1950 Nobel Prize for discovering cortisone

Vintage tools and plans for our 1922 hospital expansion

Mayo Clinic switchboard, circa 1950


Videoni tomosha qiling: 2-JAHON URUSH VOQEALARI


Izohlar:

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